AimsPrevalence of the use of antipsychotics (APs) in the paediatric population is globally increasing. The aim of this study was to describe multinational trends and patterns in AP use in children and adolescents in Europe.MethodsThis was a dynamic retrospective cohort study comprising all children and adolescents ( 1/218 years of age). Data were extracted from five population-based electronic healthcare databases in Europe (Denmark, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands and United Kingdom) from 2000 to 2010. Yearly prevalence and incidence of AP use was expressed per 1000 person-years (PYs).ResultsPrevalence increased from 1.44 to 3.41/1000 PYs (2008) in Denmark and from 2.07 to 4.35/1000 PYs in the NL (2009), moderately increased from 2.8 to 3.24/1000 in UK (2009) and from 1.53 to 1.74/1000 PYs in Germany (2008) and remained low from 0.61 to 0.34/1000 PYs in Italy (2010). Similarly, incidence rates increased from 0.69 to 1.52/1000 PYs in Denmark and from 0.86 to 1.49/1000 PYs in the NL, stabilised from 2.29 to 2.37/1000 PYs in the UK and from 0.79 to 0.80/1000 PYs in Germany and remained low from 0.32 to 0.2/1000 PYs in Italy. AP use was highest in 15-18 year olds and in boys compared to girls. Yet, the use observed in the 5-9 year olds was found to be comparatively high in the NL. Prescriptions of second generation APs, especially risperidone, were privileged but the first generation APs were still prescribed in the youngest.ConclusionsA steady increase in AP use in children and adolescents was observed essentially in the NL and Denmark. The use in Germany and Italy was lowest among countries. The use of APs under 9 years of age underlines their off-label use and should be carefully monitored as the risk/benefit ratio of these medications remains unclear in young children. AP use was altogether lower in Europe as compared to that reported in North America.
Kaguelidou, F., Holstiege, J., Schink, T., Bezemer, I., Poluzzi, E., Mazzaglia, G., et al. (2020). 'Use of antipsychotics in children and adolescents: A picture from the ARITMO population-based European cohort study'. EPIDEMIOLOGY AND PSYCHIATRIC SCIENCES, 29, e117.
|Citazione:||Kaguelidou, F., Holstiege, J., Schink, T., Bezemer, I., Poluzzi, E., Mazzaglia, G., et al. (2020). 'Use of antipsychotics in children and adolescents: A picture from the ARITMO population-based European cohort study'. EPIDEMIOLOGY AND PSYCHIATRIC SCIENCES, 29, e117.|
|Tipo:||Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico|
|Carattere della pubblicazione:||Scientifica|
|Presenza di un coautore afferente ad Istituzioni straniere:||Si|
|Titolo:||'Use of antipsychotics in children and adolescents: A picture from the ARITMO population-based European cohort study'|
|Autori:||Kaguelidou, F; Holstiege, J; Schink, T; Bezemer, I; Poluzzi, E; Mazzaglia, G; Pedersen, L; Sturkenboom, M; Trifiro, G|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Rivista:||EPIDEMIOLOGY AND PSYCHIATRIC SCIENCES|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S2045796020000293|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|