In children who receive neurotoxic chemotherapy, peripheral neurotoxicity occurs frequently, necessitates dose reduction or treatment cessation, and affects function and long-term quality of life. No treatments exist for peripheral neurotoxicity and few assessment measures are specific to children. We did a systematic review to analyse the published literature concerning the evaluation of assessment measures for paediatric chemotherapy-induced peripheral neurotoxicity. We searched PubMed, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and Embase on Nov 7–8, 2018; of 1409 articles, seven met the inclusion criteria. A total of 335 children (excluding ten healthy controls) were enrolled in the seven studies and the sample sizes ranged from 17 to 86 individuals. 276 (82%) of the 335 children were actively undergoing chemotherapy treatment. Most studies did not comprehensively evaluate the psychometric properties of assessment measures for chemotherapy-induced peripheral neurotoxicity. By use of a narrative analysis that combined approaches from the Joanna Briggs Institute (Adelaide, SA, Australia) and the quality of diagnostic accuracy studies assessment method (known as QUADAS), only one study was deemed high quality. We identified two variants of the Total Neuropathy Score, two grading scales, two semi-objective tests, one patient-reported outcome, and several mobility measures. The National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events and the Balis grading scales showed lower sensitivity and specificity than the items of the Total Neuropathy Score. Although there is insufficient evidence to support the use of most approaches to assess chemotherapy-induced peripheral neurotoxicity in children, two variants of the Total Neuropathy Score, the pediatric-modified Total Neuropathy Score and the Total Neuropathy Score-pediatric vincristine, are promising but require further testing. Other approaches are less sensitive or less feasible. A patient-reported outcome measure for chemotherapy-induced peripheral neurotoxicity in children is needed.
Smith, E., Kuisell, C., Kanzawa-Lee, G., Bridges, C., Alberti, P., Cavaletti, G., et al. (2020). Approaches to measure paediatric chemotherapy-induced peripheral neurotoxicity: a systematic review. THE LANCET. HAEMATOLOGY, 7(5), e408-e417.
|Citazione:||Smith, E., Kuisell, C., Kanzawa-Lee, G., Bridges, C., Alberti, P., Cavaletti, G., et al. (2020). Approaches to measure paediatric chemotherapy-induced peripheral neurotoxicity: a systematic review. THE LANCET. HAEMATOLOGY, 7(5), e408-e417.|
|Tipo:||Articolo in rivista - Review Essay|
|Carattere della pubblicazione:||Scientifica|
|Presenza di un coautore afferente ad Istituzioni straniere:||Si|
|Titolo:||Approaches to measure paediatric chemotherapy-induced peripheral neurotoxicity: a systematic review|
|Autori:||Smith, E; Kuisell, C; Kanzawa-Lee, G; Bridges, C; Alberti, P; Cavaletti, G; Saad, R; Park, S|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Rivista:||THE LANCET. HAEMATOLOGY|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2352-3026(20)30064-8|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|