Chemically synthesized compounds that are capable of facilitating the reversible splitting of dihydrogen into protons and electrons are rare in chemists' portfolio. The corresponding biocatalysts - hydrogenases - are, however, abundant in the microbial world. [NiFe]-hydrogenases represent a major subclass and display a bipartite architecture, composed of a large subunit, hosting the catalytic NiFe(CO)(CN)2cofactor, and a small subunit whose iron-sulfur clusters are responsible for electron transfer. To analyze in detail the catalytic competence of the large subunit without its smaller counterpart, we purified the large subunit HoxC of the regulatory [NiFe]-hydrogenase of the model H2oxidizerRalstonia eutrophato homogeneity. Metal determination and infrared spectroscopy revealed a stoichiometric loading of the metal cofactor. This enabled for the first time the determination of the UV-visible extinction coefficient of the NiFe(CO)(CN)2cofactor. Moreover, the absence of disturbing iron-sulfur clusters allowed an unbiased look into the low-spin Fe2+of the active site by Mössbauer spectroscopy. Isolated HoxC was active in catalytic hydrogen-deuterium exchange, demonstrating its capacity to activate H2. Its catalytic activity was drastically lower than that of the bipartite holoenzyme. This was consistent with infrared and electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopic observations, suggesting that the bridging position between the active site nickel and iron ions is predominantly occupied by water-derived ligands, even under reducing conditions. In fact, the presence of water-derived ligands bound to low-spin Ni2+was reflected by the absorption bands occurring in the corresponding UV-vis spectra, as revealed by time-dependent density functional theory calculations conducted on appropriatein silicomodels. Thus, the isolated large subunits indeed represent simple [NiFe]-hydrogenase models, which could serve as blueprints for chemically synthesized mimics. Furthermore, our data point to a fundamental role of the small subunit in preventing water access to the catalytic center, which significantly increases the H2splitting capacity of the enzyme.

Caserta, G., Lorent, C., Ciaccafava, A., Keck, M., Breglia, R., Greco, C., et al. (2020). The large subunit of the regulatory [NiFe]-hydrogenase from Ralstonia eutropha – A minimal hydrogenase?. CHEMICAL SCIENCE, 11(21), 5453-5465 [10.1039/D0SC01369B].

The large subunit of the regulatory [NiFe]-hydrogenase from Ralstonia eutropha – A minimal hydrogenase?

Breglia, Raffaella;Greco, Claudio;
2020

Abstract

Chemically synthesized compounds that are capable of facilitating the reversible splitting of dihydrogen into protons and electrons are rare in chemists' portfolio. The corresponding biocatalysts - hydrogenases - are, however, abundant in the microbial world. [NiFe]-hydrogenases represent a major subclass and display a bipartite architecture, composed of a large subunit, hosting the catalytic NiFe(CO)(CN)2cofactor, and a small subunit whose iron-sulfur clusters are responsible for electron transfer. To analyze in detail the catalytic competence of the large subunit without its smaller counterpart, we purified the large subunit HoxC of the regulatory [NiFe]-hydrogenase of the model H2oxidizerRalstonia eutrophato homogeneity. Metal determination and infrared spectroscopy revealed a stoichiometric loading of the metal cofactor. This enabled for the first time the determination of the UV-visible extinction coefficient of the NiFe(CO)(CN)2cofactor. Moreover, the absence of disturbing iron-sulfur clusters allowed an unbiased look into the low-spin Fe2+of the active site by Mössbauer spectroscopy. Isolated HoxC was active in catalytic hydrogen-deuterium exchange, demonstrating its capacity to activate H2. Its catalytic activity was drastically lower than that of the bipartite holoenzyme. This was consistent with infrared and electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopic observations, suggesting that the bridging position between the active site nickel and iron ions is predominantly occupied by water-derived ligands, even under reducing conditions. In fact, the presence of water-derived ligands bound to low-spin Ni2+was reflected by the absorption bands occurring in the corresponding UV-vis spectra, as revealed by time-dependent density functional theory calculations conducted on appropriatein silicomodels. Thus, the isolated large subunits indeed represent simple [NiFe]-hydrogenase models, which could serve as blueprints for chemically synthesized mimics. Furthermore, our data point to a fundamental role of the small subunit in preventing water access to the catalytic center, which significantly increases the H2splitting capacity of the enzyme.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Scientifica
hydrogenases, iron, nickel
English
Caserta, G., Lorent, C., Ciaccafava, A., Keck, M., Breglia, R., Greco, C., et al. (2020). The large subunit of the regulatory [NiFe]-hydrogenase from Ralstonia eutropha – A minimal hydrogenase?. CHEMICAL SCIENCE, 11(21), 5453-5465 [10.1039/D0SC01369B].
Caserta, G; Lorent, C; Ciaccafava, A; Keck, M; Breglia, R; Greco, C; Limberg, C; Hildebrandt, P; Cramer, S; Zebger, I; Lenz, O
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/273283
Citazioni
  • Scopus 13
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 12
Social impact