Background: While perioperative red blood cell transfusion has been widely associated with poor surgical outcomes, few studies have focused specifically on the preoperative transfusional risk–benefit ratio. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of preoperative red blood cell transfusion on short-term surgical outcomes in a cohort of anemic colon cancer patients. Methods: Moderate and severe anemic patients undergoing colectomy for cancer were divided into two groups based upon the receipt of preoperative transfusion and compared in terms of short-term outcomes. Results: A total of 271 patients with moderate or severe anemia were identified, 93 (34.3%) of whom were preoperatively transfused with a median of two units of packed red blood cells per patient (interquartile range: 2–4 units). The overall morbidity rate did not differ significantly between the two groups (35.5% vs. 36.2%; p = 0.63), while an increased incidence of major morbidity (Clavien–Dindo grade > 3a) observed in transfused patients [14% vs. 6.2% respectively; odds ratio (OR): 2.47, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.06–5.75; p = 0.03]. The increase in major morbidity was confirmed by multivariate analysis, adjusted for potential confounders (OR: 3.45; 95% CI: 1.32–9.04; p = 0.01). Conclusions: Preoperative blood transfusion is associated with severe postoperative complications following colectomy in moderate and severe anemic cancer patients. Further studies are needed to establish an optimal preoperative transfusional cutoff value to optimize postoperative outcomes and balance clinical costs.

Tamini, N., Deghi, G., Gianotti, L., Braga, M., Nespoli, L. (2021). Colon Cancer Surgery: Does Preoperative Blood Transfusion Influence Short-Term Postoperative Outcomes?. JOURNAL OF INVESTIGATIVE SURGERY, 34(9), 974-978 [10.1080/08941939.2020.1731634].

Colon Cancer Surgery: Does Preoperative Blood Transfusion Influence Short-Term Postoperative Outcomes?

Tamini N.
Primo
;
Gianotti L.;Braga M.;Nespoli L.
Ultimo
2021

Abstract

Background: While perioperative red blood cell transfusion has been widely associated with poor surgical outcomes, few studies have focused specifically on the preoperative transfusional risk–benefit ratio. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of preoperative red blood cell transfusion on short-term surgical outcomes in a cohort of anemic colon cancer patients. Methods: Moderate and severe anemic patients undergoing colectomy for cancer were divided into two groups based upon the receipt of preoperative transfusion and compared in terms of short-term outcomes. Results: A total of 271 patients with moderate or severe anemia were identified, 93 (34.3%) of whom were preoperatively transfused with a median of two units of packed red blood cells per patient (interquartile range: 2–4 units). The overall morbidity rate did not differ significantly between the two groups (35.5% vs. 36.2%; p = 0.63), while an increased incidence of major morbidity (Clavien–Dindo grade > 3a) observed in transfused patients [14% vs. 6.2% respectively; odds ratio (OR): 2.47, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.06–5.75; p = 0.03]. The increase in major morbidity was confirmed by multivariate analysis, adjusted for potential confounders (OR: 3.45; 95% CI: 1.32–9.04; p = 0.01). Conclusions: Preoperative blood transfusion is associated with severe postoperative complications following colectomy in moderate and severe anemic cancer patients. Further studies are needed to establish an optimal preoperative transfusional cutoff value to optimize postoperative outcomes and balance clinical costs.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Anemia; blood transfusion; colon cancer; Colorectal; colorectal surgery; preoperative transfusions;
English
19-feb-2020
2021
34
9
974
978
none
Tamini, N., Deghi, G., Gianotti, L., Braga, M., Nespoli, L. (2021). Colon Cancer Surgery: Does Preoperative Blood Transfusion Influence Short-Term Postoperative Outcomes?. JOURNAL OF INVESTIGATIVE SURGERY, 34(9), 974-978 [10.1080/08941939.2020.1731634].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/271176
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