Children are defined as hypertensive when their blood pressure values equal or exceed the 95th percentile of the blood pressure value distribution in a pediatric population, according to gender, age and height. The population on which reference tables are based is of fundamental importance to establish the threshold values for the diagnosis of hypertension in pediatric age. Before 2017, both American and European guidelines used nomograms created in the same reference population which included children of all weight classes. Given the close and well-known association between hypertension and excess weight in childhood, the 2017 American guidelines proposed new reference nomograms excluding subjects with overweight and obesity from the “historical” reference population. Furthermore, the new American guidelines suggested a fixed cut-off of 130/80 mmHg, starting from 13 years and regardless of gender and height, to make the diagnosis of hypertension. In this document, the Italian Hypertension Society (SIIA) and the Italian Pediatric Society (SIP) jointly discuss a number of issues raised by the new American guidelines that involve the entire medical community, and also address the definition of arterial hypertension in the transition phase between childhood and adulthood.

Genovesi, S., Parati, G., Giussani, M., Bona, G., Fava, C., Maffeis, C., et al. (2020). How to Apply European and American Guidelines on High Blood Pressure in Children and Adolescents. A Position Paper Endorsed by the Italian Society of Hypertension and the Italian Society of Pediatrics. HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE & CARDIOVASCULAR PREVENTION, 27(3), 183-193 [10.1007/s40292-020-00369-y].

How to Apply European and American Guidelines on High Blood Pressure in Children and Adolescents. A Position Paper Endorsed by the Italian Society of Hypertension and the Italian Society of Pediatrics

Genovesi S.
Primo
;
Parati G.
Secondo
;
Giussani M.;
2020

Abstract

Children are defined as hypertensive when their blood pressure values equal or exceed the 95th percentile of the blood pressure value distribution in a pediatric population, according to gender, age and height. The population on which reference tables are based is of fundamental importance to establish the threshold values for the diagnosis of hypertension in pediatric age. Before 2017, both American and European guidelines used nomograms created in the same reference population which included children of all weight classes. Given the close and well-known association between hypertension and excess weight in childhood, the 2017 American guidelines proposed new reference nomograms excluding subjects with overweight and obesity from the “historical” reference population. Furthermore, the new American guidelines suggested a fixed cut-off of 130/80 mmHg, starting from 13 years and regardless of gender and height, to make the diagnosis of hypertension. In this document, the Italian Hypertension Society (SIIA) and the Italian Pediatric Society (SIP) jointly discuss a number of issues raised by the new American guidelines that involve the entire medical community, and also address the definition of arterial hypertension in the transition phase between childhood and adulthood.
Articolo in rivista - Review Essay
Scientifica
Children; Guidelines; Hypertension; Italian Society of Hypertension; Italian Society of Pediatrics;
English
Genovesi, S., Parati, G., Giussani, M., Bona, G., Fava, C., Maffeis, C., et al. (2020). How to Apply European and American Guidelines on High Blood Pressure in Children and Adolescents. A Position Paper Endorsed by the Italian Society of Hypertension and the Italian Society of Pediatrics. HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE & CARDIOVASCULAR PREVENTION, 27(3), 183-193 [10.1007/s40292-020-00369-y].
Genovesi, S; Parati, G; Giussani, M; Bona, G; Fava, C; Maffeis, C; Ferri, C; Giordano, U
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/271123
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