This report documents measurements of cosmic ray induced background neutrons using a new Bonner sphere spectrometer (BSS) based on a 3He thermal neutron counter (SP9 type). Three spheres with a lead or copper layer were added to a BSS to enhance its sensitivity in the high-energy range above 20 MeV and enable the spectrometer to cover the entire energy range from thermal to multi-GeV. The response function of the spectrometer was calculated using the Monte Carlo code MCNP6. Below 20 MeV, the responses of polyethylene spheres were experimentally verified with 6 mono-energetic neutron sources. A neutron spectrum was measured near the ground at one location in Beijing. Also deduced from the spectrum were the rates of neutron fluence, ambient dose equivalent, and effective dose.

Hu, Z., Ge, L., Sun, J., Zhang, Y., Cui, Z., Gorini, G., et al. (2019). Measurements of cosmic ray induced background neutrons near the ground using a Bonner sphere spectrometer. NUCLEAR INSTRUMENTS & METHODS IN PHYSICS RESEARCH. SECTION A, ACCELERATORS, SPECTROMETERS, DETECTORS AND ASSOCIATED EQUIPMENT, 940, 78-82 [10.1016/j.nima.2019.06.004].

Measurements of cosmic ray induced background neutrons near the ground using a Bonner sphere spectrometer

Hu Z. M.;Gorini G.;
2019

Abstract

This report documents measurements of cosmic ray induced background neutrons using a new Bonner sphere spectrometer (BSS) based on a 3He thermal neutron counter (SP9 type). Three spheres with a lead or copper layer were added to a BSS to enhance its sensitivity in the high-energy range above 20 MeV and enable the spectrometer to cover the entire energy range from thermal to multi-GeV. The response function of the spectrometer was calculated using the Monte Carlo code MCNP6. Below 20 MeV, the responses of polyethylene spheres were experimentally verified with 6 mono-energetic neutron sources. A neutron spectrum was measured near the ground at one location in Beijing. Also deduced from the spectrum were the rates of neutron fluence, ambient dose equivalent, and effective dose.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Bonner sphere spectrometer; Cosmic ray; MCNP6; Neutron spectrum; Response
English
2019
940
78
82
none
Hu, Z., Ge, L., Sun, J., Zhang, Y., Cui, Z., Gorini, G., et al. (2019). Measurements of cosmic ray induced background neutrons near the ground using a Bonner sphere spectrometer. NUCLEAR INSTRUMENTS & METHODS IN PHYSICS RESEARCH. SECTION A, ACCELERATORS, SPECTROMETERS, DETECTORS AND ASSOCIATED EQUIPMENT, 940, 78-82 [10.1016/j.nima.2019.06.004].
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/270777
Citazioni
  • Scopus 8
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 6
Social impact