In the Ladakh-Zanskararea, relicts of both ophiolites and paleo-accretionary prism have been preserved in the Sapi-Shergol melange zone. The paleo-accretionary prism, related to the northward subduction of the northern Neo-Tethys beneath the Ladakh Asian margin, mainly consists of tectonic intercalations of sedimentary and blueschist facies rocks. Whole rock chemical composition data provide new constraints on the origin of both the ophiolitic and the blueschist facies rocks. The ophiolitic rocks are interpreted as relicts of the south Ladakh intra-oceanic arc that were incorporated in the accretionary prism during imbrication of the arc. The blueschist facies rocks were previously interpreted as oceanic island basalts (OIB), but our new data suggest that the protolith of some of the blueschists is a calc-alkaline igneous rock that formed in an arc environment. These blueschists most likely originated from the south Ladakh intra-oceanic arc. This arc was accreted to the southern margin of Asia during the Late Cretaceous and the buried portion was metamorphosed under blueschist facies conditions. Following oceanic subduction, the external part of the arc was obducted to form the south Ladakh ophiolites or was incorporated into the Sapi-Shergol melange zone. The incorporation of the south Ladakh arc into the accretionary prism implies that the complete closure of the Neo-Tethys likely occurred by Eocene time. (c) 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Maheo, G., Fayoux, X., Guillot, S., GARZANTI, E., Capiez, P., & Mascle, G. (2006). Relicts of an intra-oceanic arc in the Sapi-Shergol melange zone (Ladakh, NW Himalaya, India): implications for the closure of the Neo-Tethys Ocean. JOURNAL OF ASIAN EARTH SCIENCES, 26(6), 695-707 [10.1016/j.jseaes.2005.01.004].

Relicts of an intra-oceanic arc in the Sapi-Shergol melange zone (Ladakh, NW Himalaya, India): implications for the closure of the Neo-Tethys Ocean

GARZANTI, EDUARDO;
2006

Abstract

In the Ladakh-Zanskararea, relicts of both ophiolites and paleo-accretionary prism have been preserved in the Sapi-Shergol melange zone. The paleo-accretionary prism, related to the northward subduction of the northern Neo-Tethys beneath the Ladakh Asian margin, mainly consists of tectonic intercalations of sedimentary and blueschist facies rocks. Whole rock chemical composition data provide new constraints on the origin of both the ophiolitic and the blueschist facies rocks. The ophiolitic rocks are interpreted as relicts of the south Ladakh intra-oceanic arc that were incorporated in the accretionary prism during imbrication of the arc. The blueschist facies rocks were previously interpreted as oceanic island basalts (OIB), but our new data suggest that the protolith of some of the blueschists is a calc-alkaline igneous rock that formed in an arc environment. These blueschists most likely originated from the south Ladakh intra-oceanic arc. This arc was accreted to the southern margin of Asia during the Late Cretaceous and the buried portion was metamorphosed under blueschist facies conditions. Following oceanic subduction, the external part of the arc was obducted to form the south Ladakh ophiolites or was incorporated into the Sapi-Shergol melange zone. The incorporation of the south Ladakh arc into the accretionary prism implies that the complete closure of the Neo-Tethys likely occurred by Eocene time. (c) 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Si
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Scientifica
Himalaya; Ladakh; accretionary prism; blueschist; ophiolites; intra-oceanic arc
English
Maheo, G., Fayoux, X., Guillot, S., GARZANTI, E., Capiez, P., & Mascle, G. (2006). Relicts of an intra-oceanic arc in the Sapi-Shergol melange zone (Ladakh, NW Himalaya, India): implications for the closure of the Neo-Tethys Ocean. JOURNAL OF ASIAN EARTH SCIENCES, 26(6), 695-707 [10.1016/j.jseaes.2005.01.004].
Maheo, G; Fayoux, X; Guillot, S; Garzanti, E; Capiez, P; Mascle, G
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/269383
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