Agricultural pesticides are key contributors to pollinator decline worldwide. However, methods for quantifying impacts associated with pollinator exposure to pesticides are currently missing in comparative risk screening, chemical substitution and prioritization, and life cycle impact assessment methods. To address this gap, we developed a method for quantifying pesticide field exposure and ecotoxicity effects of honey bees as most economically important pollinator species worldwide. We defined bee intake and dermal contact fractions representing respectively oral and dermal exposure per unit mass applied, and tested our model on two pesticides applied to oilseed rape. Our results show that exposure varies between types of forager bees, with highest dermal contact fraction of 59 ppm in nectar foragers for lambda-cyhalothrin (insecticide), and highest oral intake fractions of 32 and 190 ppm in nectar foragers for boscalid (fungicide) and lambda-cyhalothrin, respectively. Hive oral exposure is up to 115 times higher than forager oral exposure. Combining exposure with effect estimates yields impacts, which are three orders of magnitude higher for the insecticide. Overall, nectar foragers are the most affected forager type for both pesticides, dominated by oral exposure. Our framework constitutes an important step toward integrating pollinator impacts in chemical substitution and life cycle impact assessment, and should be expanded to cover all relevant pesticide-crop combinations.

Crenna, E., Jolliet, O., Collina, E., Sala, S., Fantke, P. (2020). Characterizing honey bee exposure and effects from pesticides for chemical prioritization and life cycle assessment. ENVIRONMENT INTERNATIONAL, 138 [10.1016/j.envint.2020.105642].

Characterizing honey bee exposure and effects from pesticides for chemical prioritization and life cycle assessment

Crenna, Eleonora;Collina, Elena;Sala, Serenella;
2020

Abstract

Agricultural pesticides are key contributors to pollinator decline worldwide. However, methods for quantifying impacts associated with pollinator exposure to pesticides are currently missing in comparative risk screening, chemical substitution and prioritization, and life cycle impact assessment methods. To address this gap, we developed a method for quantifying pesticide field exposure and ecotoxicity effects of honey bees as most economically important pollinator species worldwide. We defined bee intake and dermal contact fractions representing respectively oral and dermal exposure per unit mass applied, and tested our model on two pesticides applied to oilseed rape. Our results show that exposure varies between types of forager bees, with highest dermal contact fraction of 59 ppm in nectar foragers for lambda-cyhalothrin (insecticide), and highest oral intake fractions of 32 and 190 ppm in nectar foragers for boscalid (fungicide) and lambda-cyhalothrin, respectively. Hive oral exposure is up to 115 times higher than forager oral exposure. Combining exposure with effect estimates yields impacts, which are three orders of magnitude higher for the insecticide. Overall, nectar foragers are the most affected forager type for both pesticides, dominated by oral exposure. Our framework constitutes an important step toward integrating pollinator impacts in chemical substitution and life cycle impact assessment, and should be expanded to cover all relevant pesticide-crop combinations.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Chemical prioritization; Chemical substitution; Exposure modelling; Honey bees; Life cycle impact assessment; Pesticide residues;
English
2020
138
105642
open
Crenna, E., Jolliet, O., Collina, E., Sala, S., Fantke, P. (2020). Characterizing honey bee exposure and effects from pesticides for chemical prioritization and life cycle assessment. ENVIRONMENT INTERNATIONAL, 138 [10.1016/j.envint.2020.105642].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/265529
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