Purpose: The purpose of this study was to estimate how many individuals with severe obesity and NAFLD should be referred to hepatologists according to the EASL–EASD–EASO guidelines and whether the choice of specific indicators of liver fibrosis would significantly impact the number of referrals. Methods: This was a single-center retrospective study of 495 individuals with severe obesity screened at our institution between 2012 and 2018 for a bariatric surgery intervention. The guidelines were applied using the NAFLD Liver Fat Score (NLFS) to assess the presence of steatosis and the NAFLD fibrosis score (NFS), Fibrosis-4 (FIB-4) and Hepamet Fibrosis Score (HFS) to assess the risk of advanced fibrosis. Results: Three hundred and seventy-nine patients (76.6%) had evidence of liver steatosis. The application of the guidelines would lead to referral of 66.3% of patients using NFS, 31.7% using FIB-4 and 34.2% using HFS. When referrals due to abnormal liver function tests were excluded, these percentages dropped to 55.8%, 7.3% and 12.1%, respectively. The strongest inter-biomarker agreement was found between FIB-4 and HFS (κ = 0.86, 95% CI 0.815–0.910). Conclusion: Strict application of the guidelines in individuals with severe obesity would probably lead to over-referral, although a great variability exists among the different scores.

Ciardullo, S., Ronchetti, C., Muraca, E., Oltolini, A., Perra, S., Bianconi, E., et al. (2020). Impact of using different biomarkers of liver fibrosis on hepatologic referral of individuals with severe obesity and NAFLD. JOURNAL OF ENDOCRINOLOGICAL INVESTIGATION, 43(7), 1019-1026 [10.1007/s40618-020-01188-7].

Impact of using different biomarkers of liver fibrosis on hepatologic referral of individuals with severe obesity and NAFLD

Ciardullo S.
Primo
;
Cannistraci R.;Perseghin G.
Ultimo
2020

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to estimate how many individuals with severe obesity and NAFLD should be referred to hepatologists according to the EASL–EASD–EASO guidelines and whether the choice of specific indicators of liver fibrosis would significantly impact the number of referrals. Methods: This was a single-center retrospective study of 495 individuals with severe obesity screened at our institution between 2012 and 2018 for a bariatric surgery intervention. The guidelines were applied using the NAFLD Liver Fat Score (NLFS) to assess the presence of steatosis and the NAFLD fibrosis score (NFS), Fibrosis-4 (FIB-4) and Hepamet Fibrosis Score (HFS) to assess the risk of advanced fibrosis. Results: Three hundred and seventy-nine patients (76.6%) had evidence of liver steatosis. The application of the guidelines would lead to referral of 66.3% of patients using NFS, 31.7% using FIB-4 and 34.2% using HFS. When referrals due to abnormal liver function tests were excluded, these percentages dropped to 55.8%, 7.3% and 12.1%, respectively. The strongest inter-biomarker agreement was found between FIB-4 and HFS (κ = 0.86, 95% CI 0.815–0.910). Conclusion: Strict application of the guidelines in individuals with severe obesity would probably lead to over-referral, although a great variability exists among the different scores.
No
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Scientifica
Fibrosis-4; Guidelines; NAFLD fibrosis score; Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease; Screening
English
1019
1026
8
Ciardullo, S., Ronchetti, C., Muraca, E., Oltolini, A., Perra, S., Bianconi, E., et al. (2020). Impact of using different biomarkers of liver fibrosis on hepatologic referral of individuals with severe obesity and NAFLD. JOURNAL OF ENDOCRINOLOGICAL INVESTIGATION, 43(7), 1019-1026 [10.1007/s40618-020-01188-7].
Ciardullo, S; Ronchetti, C; Muraca, E; Oltolini, A; Perra, S; Bianconi, E; Zerbini, F; Cannistraci, R; Manzoni, G; Gastaldelli, A; Lattuada, G; Perseghin, G
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/262619
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