Objective Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is prevalent in patients with type 2 diabetes. Here, we estimate the proportion of patients with type 2 diabetes that should be referred to hepatologists according to the European Association for the Study of the Liver (EASL)-European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD)-European Association for the Study of Obesity (EASO) Guidelines and evaluate the association between non-invasive biomarkers of steatosis and fibrosis and diabetic complications. Research design and methods This is a retrospective analysis of type 2 diabetes patients who attended on a regular basis our diabetes clinic between 2013 and 2018 (n=2770). Steatosis was assessed using Fatty Liver Index (FLI), Hepatic Steatosis Index and NAFLD Ridge Score and fibrosis using NAFLD Fibrosis Score (NFS), Fibrosis-4 (FIB-4), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) to platelet ratio index (APRI) and AST/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ratio. Outcome measures were altered albumin excretion rate (AER), chronic kidney disease (CKD) and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Results The prevalence of advanced fibrosis varied from 1% (APRI) to 33% (NFS). The application of the guidelines using a sequential combination of FLI and FIB-4 would lead to referral of 28.3% of patients when using standard FIB-4 cut-offs, while this number dropped to 13.4% when age-adjusted FIB-4 thresholds were applied. A higher prevalence of altered AER was associated with liver steatosis (FLI: OR: 3.49; 95% CI 2.05 to 5.94, p<0.01), whereas liver fibrosis was associated with CKD (FIB-4: OR: 6.39; 95% CI 4.05 to 10.08, p<0.01) and CVD (FIB-4: OR: 2.62; 95% CI 1.69 to 4.04, p<0.01). Conclusions While specific fibrosis scores identify different proportion of patients with advanced fibrosis, the use of age-adjusted FIB-4 cut-offs leads to a drop in gray-zone results, making referrals to hepatologists more sustainable. Interestingly non-invasive biomarkers were consistently associated with a different pattern of diabetic complications.

Ciardullo, S., Muraca, E., Perra, S., Bianconi, E., Zerbini, F., Oltolini, A., et al. (2020). Screening for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in type 2 diabetes using non-invasive scores and association with diabetic complications. BMJ OPEN DIABETES RESEARCH AND CARE, 8(1) [10.1136/bmjdrc-2019-000904].

Screening for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in type 2 diabetes using non-invasive scores and association with diabetic complications

Ciardullo S.
Primo
;
Cannistraci R.;Perseghin G.
Ultimo
2020

Abstract

Objective Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is prevalent in patients with type 2 diabetes. Here, we estimate the proportion of patients with type 2 diabetes that should be referred to hepatologists according to the European Association for the Study of the Liver (EASL)-European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD)-European Association for the Study of Obesity (EASO) Guidelines and evaluate the association between non-invasive biomarkers of steatosis and fibrosis and diabetic complications. Research design and methods This is a retrospective analysis of type 2 diabetes patients who attended on a regular basis our diabetes clinic between 2013 and 2018 (n=2770). Steatosis was assessed using Fatty Liver Index (FLI), Hepatic Steatosis Index and NAFLD Ridge Score and fibrosis using NAFLD Fibrosis Score (NFS), Fibrosis-4 (FIB-4), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) to platelet ratio index (APRI) and AST/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ratio. Outcome measures were altered albumin excretion rate (AER), chronic kidney disease (CKD) and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Results The prevalence of advanced fibrosis varied from 1% (APRI) to 33% (NFS). The application of the guidelines using a sequential combination of FLI and FIB-4 would lead to referral of 28.3% of patients when using standard FIB-4 cut-offs, while this number dropped to 13.4% when age-adjusted FIB-4 thresholds were applied. A higher prevalence of altered AER was associated with liver steatosis (FLI: OR: 3.49; 95% CI 2.05 to 5.94, p<0.01), whereas liver fibrosis was associated with CKD (FIB-4: OR: 6.39; 95% CI 4.05 to 10.08, p<0.01) and CVD (FIB-4: OR: 2.62; 95% CI 1.69 to 4.04, p<0.01). Conclusions While specific fibrosis scores identify different proportion of patients with advanced fibrosis, the use of age-adjusted FIB-4 cut-offs leads to a drop in gray-zone results, making referrals to hepatologists more sustainable. Interestingly non-invasive biomarkers were consistently associated with a different pattern of diabetic complications.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Scientifica
NAFLD; non-alcoholic seatohepatitis; screening strategies; type 2 diabetes
English
Ciardullo, S., Muraca, E., Perra, S., Bianconi, E., Zerbini, F., Oltolini, A., et al. (2020). Screening for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in type 2 diabetes using non-invasive scores and association with diabetic complications. BMJ OPEN DIABETES RESEARCH AND CARE, 8(1) [10.1136/bmjdrc-2019-000904].
Ciardullo, S; Muraca, E; Perra, S; Bianconi, E; Zerbini, F; Oltolini, A; Cannistraci, R; Parmeggiani, P; Manzoni, G; Gastaldelli, A; Lattuada, G; Perseghin, G
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/262615
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