Small cell lung cancer accounts for 13-15% of all lung cancer worldwide. There has been a decrease in the number of cases, with no clear explanation, except probably to changing in smoking habits in the last two decades. In the early eighties, it became clear that SCLC was an extremely sensitive tumor as to radiation as to chemotheraputic agents. With cisplatinum etoposide combinations or cyclophosphamide, anthracycline and vincristine/etyoposide regimens responses were observed in 50-70%, with 20-30% complete remissions in extensive disease. For limited stage patients chemotherapy associated with thoracic radiation was able to produce a cure rate of 10-20%.The addition of prophylactic brain irradiation to limited stage cases has reduced mortality by a factor of nearly 5%. But despite these early good results no breakthrough came later on, and in the last decade or so, we are still facing this plateau. New agents have recently been included in the therapeutic armamentarium, such as gemcitabine, irinotecan, paclitaxel. This fact has allowed many patients to receive a relatively active second line therapy, but the overall survival remains unchanged. Targeted therapies are undergoing some evaluations, but the data are too premature and so far quite discouraging. At the present time there is a urgent need to improve clinical research in this somehow forgotten disease

Rosti, G., Bevilacqua, G., Bidoli, P., Portalone, L., Santo, A., Genestreti, G. (2006). Small cell lung cancer. ANNALS OF ONCOLOGY, 17(SUPPL. 2), 5-10 [10.1093/annonc/mdj910].

Small cell lung cancer

Bidoli P;
2006

Abstract

Small cell lung cancer accounts for 13-15% of all lung cancer worldwide. There has been a decrease in the number of cases, with no clear explanation, except probably to changing in smoking habits in the last two decades. In the early eighties, it became clear that SCLC was an extremely sensitive tumor as to radiation as to chemotheraputic agents. With cisplatinum etoposide combinations or cyclophosphamide, anthracycline and vincristine/etyoposide regimens responses were observed in 50-70%, with 20-30% complete remissions in extensive disease. For limited stage patients chemotherapy associated with thoracic radiation was able to produce a cure rate of 10-20%.The addition of prophylactic brain irradiation to limited stage cases has reduced mortality by a factor of nearly 5%. But despite these early good results no breakthrough came later on, and in the last decade or so, we are still facing this plateau. New agents have recently been included in the therapeutic armamentarium, such as gemcitabine, irinotecan, paclitaxel. This fact has allowed many patients to receive a relatively active second line therapy, but the overall survival remains unchanged. Targeted therapies are undergoing some evaluations, but the data are too premature and so far quite discouraging. At the present time there is a urgent need to improve clinical research in this somehow forgotten disease
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Small cell lung cancer
English
2006
17
SUPPL. 2
5
10
reserved
Rosti, G., Bevilacqua, G., Bidoli, P., Portalone, L., Santo, A., Genestreti, G. (2006). Small cell lung cancer. ANNALS OF ONCOLOGY, 17(SUPPL. 2), 5-10 [10.1093/annonc/mdj910].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/260479
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