This study was originally designed to investigate wheter there is any correlation between the type of procoagulant activity (PCA) and the tumorigenicity of transformed cells. The data obtained are relevant to this question and to defining the differences in the expression of cellular activities depending on the in vitro system used. PCA was measured and characterized in normal, immortalized, and tumorigenic mouse fibroblasts. In all the lines studied the activity was of tissue factor type, as established with functional, enzymatic, and immunochemical criteria. However, the PCA of cells freshly isolated from the tumors induced by tumorigenic cell lines was of cancer procoagulant type, i.e. a cysteine protease with direct factor X activator activity. The same cells, when cultured in vitro, expressed again PCA of tissue-factor type. These results suggest that either a tumor-host interaction is required for the expression of cancer procoagulant or the latter activity, produced by tumor cells under in vitro conditions, is destroyed or inactivated during the culture period. Our findings caution against defining the procoagulant activity of tumors based on experiments on cultured cells.

Curatolo, L., Alessio, M., Casali, B., Falanga, A., Donati, M., & Semeraro, N. (1988). Procoagulant activity of mouse transformed cells: Different expression in freshly isolated or cultured cells. IN VITRO CELLULAR & DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY, 24(12), 1154-1158 [10.1007/BF02624183].

Procoagulant activity of mouse transformed cells: Different expression in freshly isolated or cultured cells

Falanga A;
1988

Abstract

This study was originally designed to investigate wheter there is any correlation between the type of procoagulant activity (PCA) and the tumorigenicity of transformed cells. The data obtained are relevant to this question and to defining the differences in the expression of cellular activities depending on the in vitro system used. PCA was measured and characterized in normal, immortalized, and tumorigenic mouse fibroblasts. In all the lines studied the activity was of tissue factor type, as established with functional, enzymatic, and immunochemical criteria. However, the PCA of cells freshly isolated from the tumors induced by tumorigenic cell lines was of cancer procoagulant type, i.e. a cysteine protease with direct factor X activator activity. The same cells, when cultured in vitro, expressed again PCA of tissue-factor type. These results suggest that either a tumor-host interaction is required for the expression of cancer procoagulant or the latter activity, produced by tumor cells under in vitro conditions, is destroyed or inactivated during the culture period. Our findings caution against defining the procoagulant activity of tumors based on experiments on cultured cells.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
procoagulants, proteases, tissue factor, cancer, cells
English
1154
1158
5
Curatolo, L., Alessio, M., Casali, B., Falanga, A., Donati, M., & Semeraro, N. (1988). Procoagulant activity of mouse transformed cells: Different expression in freshly isolated or cultured cells. IN VITRO CELLULAR & DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY, 24(12), 1154-1158 [10.1007/BF02624183].
Curatolo, L; Alessio, M; Casali, B; Falanga, A; Donati, M; Semeraro, N
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/259645
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