Background and Objectives: Transplantation of pancreatic islets is an intriguing new therapeutic option to face the worldwide spread problem of Type-I diabetes. Currently, its clinical use is limited by several problems, mainly based on the high number of islets required to restore normoglycaemia and by the low survival of the transplanted tissue. A promising attempt to overcome the limits to such an approach was represented by the use of Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSC). Despite the encouraging results obtained with murine-derived MSC, little is still known about their protective mechanisms. The aim of the present study was to verify the effectiveness, (besides murine MSC), of clinically relevant human-derived MSC (hMSC) on protecting pancreatic islets, thus also shedding light on the putative differences between MSC of different origin. Methods and Results: Threefold kinds of co-cultures were therefore in vitro set up (direct, indirect and mixed), to analyze the hMSC effect on pancreatic islet survival and function and to study the putative mechanisms involved. Although in a different way with respect to murine MSC, also human derived cells demonstrated to be effective on protecting pancreatic islet survival. This effect could be due to the release of some trophic factors, such as VEGF and Il-6, and by the reduction of inflammatory cytokine TNF-α. Conclusions: Therefore, hMSC confirmed their great clinical potential to improve the feasibility of pancreatic islet transplantation therapy against diabetes.
Fumagalli, G., Monfrini, M., Donzelli, E., Rodriguez-Menendez, V., Bonandrini, B., Figliuzzi, M., et al. (2020). Protective Effect of Human Mesenchymal Stem Cells on the Survival of Pancreatic Islets. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF STEM CELLS, 13(1), 116-126 [10.15283/ijsc19094].
|Citazione:||Fumagalli, G., Monfrini, M., Donzelli, E., Rodriguez-Menendez, V., Bonandrini, B., Figliuzzi, M., et al. (2020). Protective Effect of Human Mesenchymal Stem Cells on the Survival of Pancreatic Islets. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF STEM CELLS, 13(1), 116-126 [10.15283/ijsc19094].|
|Tipo:||Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico|
|Carattere della pubblicazione:||Scientifica|
|Presenza di un coautore afferente ad Istituzioni straniere:||No|
|Titolo:||Protective Effect of Human Mesenchymal Stem Cells on the Survival of Pancreatic Islets|
|Autori:||Fumagalli, G; Monfrini, M; Donzelli, E; Rodriguez-Menendez, V; Bonandrini, B; Figliuzzi, M; Remuzzi, A; D'Amico, G; Cavaletti, G; Scuteri, A|
FUMAGALLI, GIULIA (Primo)
SCUTERI, ARIANNA (Ultimo) (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Rivista:||INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF STEM CELLS|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.15283/ijsc19094|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|