In modern intensive agriculture, plastics are used in several applications (i.e. mulch films, drip irrigation tubes, string, clips, pots, etc.). Interest towards the application of biodegradable plastics to replace the conventional plastics is growing because they biodegrade in soil after use and do not produce waste to be disposed of. Ten monomers, which can be applied in the synthesis of potentially biodegradable polyesters, were tested according to ASTM 5988-96 (standard respirometric test to evaluate aerobic biodegradation in soil measuring the carbon dioxide evolution): adipic acid, azelaic acid, 1,4-Butanediol, 1,2-Ethanediol, 1,6-Hexanediol, lactic acid, glucose, sebacic acid, succinic acid and terephthalic acid. Eight replicates were carried out for each monomer for 27-45 days. The numerical code AQUASIM was applied to process the CO2 experimental data in order to estimate values for the parameters describing the different mechanisms occurring to the monomers in soil: i) the first-order solubilization kinetic constant, Ksol (d-1); ii) the first-order biodegradation kinetic constant, Kb (d-1); iii) the lag time in biodegradation, tlag (d); and iv) the carbon fraction biodegraded but not transformed into CO2, Y (-). The following range of values were obtained: [0.006 d-1, 6.9 d-1] for Ksol, [0.1 d-1, 1.2 d-1] for Kb, and [0.32 - 0.58] for Y; tlag was observed for azelaic acid, 1,2-ethanediol, and terephthalic acid, with estimated values between 3.0 e 4.9 d.

Siotto, M., Sezenna, E., Saponaro, S., Degli Innocenti, F., Tosin, M., Bonomo, L., et al. (2012). Kinetics of monomer biodegradation in soil. JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT, 93(1), 31-37 [10.1016/j.jenvman.2011.08.018].

Kinetics of monomer biodegradation in soil

MEZZANOTTE, VALERIA FEDERICA MARIA
2012

Abstract

In modern intensive agriculture, plastics are used in several applications (i.e. mulch films, drip irrigation tubes, string, clips, pots, etc.). Interest towards the application of biodegradable plastics to replace the conventional plastics is growing because they biodegrade in soil after use and do not produce waste to be disposed of. Ten monomers, which can be applied in the synthesis of potentially biodegradable polyesters, were tested according to ASTM 5988-96 (standard respirometric test to evaluate aerobic biodegradation in soil measuring the carbon dioxide evolution): adipic acid, azelaic acid, 1,4-Butanediol, 1,2-Ethanediol, 1,6-Hexanediol, lactic acid, glucose, sebacic acid, succinic acid and terephthalic acid. Eight replicates were carried out for each monomer for 27-45 days. The numerical code AQUASIM was applied to process the CO2 experimental data in order to estimate values for the parameters describing the different mechanisms occurring to the monomers in soil: i) the first-order solubilization kinetic constant, Ksol (d-1); ii) the first-order biodegradation kinetic constant, Kb (d-1); iii) the lag time in biodegradation, tlag (d); and iv) the carbon fraction biodegraded but not transformed into CO2, Y (-). The following range of values were obtained: [0.006 d-1, 6.9 d-1] for Ksol, [0.1 d-1, 1.2 d-1] for Kb, and [0.32 - 0.58] for Y; tlag was observed for azelaic acid, 1,2-ethanediol, and terephthalic acid, with estimated values between 3.0 e 4.9 d.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Biodegradable plastic, polyester, soil biodegradation, agricultural use, fate
English
2012
93
1
31
37
none
Siotto, M., Sezenna, E., Saponaro, S., Degli Innocenti, F., Tosin, M., Bonomo, L., et al. (2012). Kinetics of monomer biodegradation in soil. JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT, 93(1), 31-37 [10.1016/j.jenvman.2011.08.018].
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/25863
Citazioni
  • Scopus 27
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 24
Social impact