In the Mediterranean Sea, crustose coralline algae form endemic algal reefs known as Coralligenous (C) build-ups. The high degree of complexity that C can reach through time creates notable environmental heterogeneity making C a major hotspot of biodiversity for the Mediterranean basin. C build-up can variably modify the submarine environment by affecting the evolution of submerged landforms, although its role is still far from being systematically defined. Our work proposes a new, ad-hoc semi-automated, GIS-based methodology to map the distribution of C build-ups in shallow coastal waters using high-resolution bathymetric data, collected on a sector of the southern Apulian continental shelf (Southern Adriatic Sea, Italy). Our results quantitatively define the 3D distribution of C in terms of area and volume, estimating more than 103,000 build-ups, covering an area of roughly 305,200 m2, for a total volume of 315,700 m3. Our work firstly combines acoustic survey techniques and geomorphometric analysis to develop innovative approaches for eco-geomorphological studies. The obtained results can contribute to a better definition of the ocean carbon budget, and to the monitoring of local anthropogenic impacts (e.g., bottom trawling damage) and global changes, like ocean warming and acidification. These can affect the structural complexity and total volume of carbonate deposits characterizing the Mediterranean benthic environment.

Marchese, F., Bracchi, V., Lisi, G., Basso, D., Corselli, C., Savini, A. (2020). Assessing fine-scale distribution and volume of mediterranean algal reefs through terrain analysis of multibeam bathymetric data. A case study in the southern adriatic continental shelf. WATER, 12(1) [10.3390/w12010157].

Assessing fine-scale distribution and volume of mediterranean algal reefs through terrain analysis of multibeam bathymetric data. A case study in the southern adriatic continental shelf

Marchese, F
;
Bracchi, VA;Basso, D;Corselli, C;Savini, A
2020

Abstract

In the Mediterranean Sea, crustose coralline algae form endemic algal reefs known as Coralligenous (C) build-ups. The high degree of complexity that C can reach through time creates notable environmental heterogeneity making C a major hotspot of biodiversity for the Mediterranean basin. C build-up can variably modify the submarine environment by affecting the evolution of submerged landforms, although its role is still far from being systematically defined. Our work proposes a new, ad-hoc semi-automated, GIS-based methodology to map the distribution of C build-ups in shallow coastal waters using high-resolution bathymetric data, collected on a sector of the southern Apulian continental shelf (Southern Adriatic Sea, Italy). Our results quantitatively define the 3D distribution of C in terms of area and volume, estimating more than 103,000 build-ups, covering an area of roughly 305,200 m2, for a total volume of 315,700 m3. Our work firstly combines acoustic survey techniques and geomorphometric analysis to develop innovative approaches for eco-geomorphological studies. The obtained results can contribute to a better definition of the ocean carbon budget, and to the monitoring of local anthropogenic impacts (e.g., bottom trawling damage) and global changes, like ocean warming and acidification. These can affect the structural complexity and total volume of carbonate deposits characterizing the Mediterranean benthic environment.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Algal reefs; Bioconstruction volume; Geomorphometry; Multibeam bathymetry; Seafloor mapping; Spatial analysis;
English
4-gen-2020
2020
12
1
157
open
Marchese, F., Bracchi, V., Lisi, G., Basso, D., Corselli, C., Savini, A. (2020). Assessing fine-scale distribution and volume of mediterranean algal reefs through terrain analysis of multibeam bathymetric data. A case study in the southern adriatic continental shelf. WATER, 12(1) [10.3390/w12010157].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/256229
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