Pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) have the capacity to couple inflammatory gene expression to changes in macrophage metabolism, both of which influence subsequent inflammatory activities. Similar to their microbial counterparts, several self-encoded damage-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs) induce inflammatory gene expression. However, whether this symmetry in host responses between PAMPs and DAMPs extends to metabolic shifts is unclear. Here, we report that the self-encoded oxidized phospholipid oxPAPC alters the metabolism of macrophages exposed to lipopolysaccharide. While cells activated by lipopolysaccharide rely exclusively on glycolysis, macrophages exposed to oxPAPC also use mitochondrial respiration, feed the Krebs cycle with glutamine, and favor the accumulation of oxaloacetate in the cytoplasm. This metabolite potentiates interleukin-1β production, resulting in hyperinflammation. Similar metabolic adaptions occur in vivo in hypercholesterolemic mice and human subjects. Drugs that interfere with oxPAPC-driven metabolic changes reduce atherosclerotic plaque formation in mice, thereby underscoring the importance of DAMP-mediated activities in pathophysiological conditions.

Di Gioia, M., Spreafico, R., Springstead, J., Mendelson, M., Joehanes, R., Levy, D., et al. (2020). Endogenous oxidized phospholipids reprogram cellular metabolism and boost hyperinflammation. NATURE IMMUNOLOGY, 21(1), 42-53 [10.1038/s41590-019-0539-2].

Endogenous oxidized phospholipids reprogram cellular metabolism and boost hyperinflammation

Di Gioia, M
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Zanoni, I
Membro del Collaboration Group
2020

Abstract

Pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) have the capacity to couple inflammatory gene expression to changes in macrophage metabolism, both of which influence subsequent inflammatory activities. Similar to their microbial counterparts, several self-encoded damage-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs) induce inflammatory gene expression. However, whether this symmetry in host responses between PAMPs and DAMPs extends to metabolic shifts is unclear. Here, we report that the self-encoded oxidized phospholipid oxPAPC alters the metabolism of macrophages exposed to lipopolysaccharide. While cells activated by lipopolysaccharide rely exclusively on glycolysis, macrophages exposed to oxPAPC also use mitochondrial respiration, feed the Krebs cycle with glutamine, and favor the accumulation of oxaloacetate in the cytoplasm. This metabolite potentiates interleukin-1β production, resulting in hyperinflammation. Similar metabolic adaptions occur in vivo in hypercholesterolemic mice and human subjects. Drugs that interfere with oxPAPC-driven metabolic changes reduce atherosclerotic plaque formation in mice, thereby underscoring the importance of DAMP-mediated activities in pathophysiological conditions.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
immunometabolism
English
42
53
12
Di Gioia, M., Spreafico, R., Springstead, J., Mendelson, M., Joehanes, R., Levy, D., et al. (2020). Endogenous oxidized phospholipids reprogram cellular metabolism and boost hyperinflammation. NATURE IMMUNOLOGY, 21(1), 42-53 [10.1038/s41590-019-0539-2].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/255570
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