Experiments with intestinal brush-border membrane vesicles from lepidopteran larvae disclosed the occurrence of unique cotransporter proteins that use K+ as the driver cation for the transmembrane transfer of amino acids across the luminal border of midgut enterocytes. Six apical membrane amino acid transport systems have been identified. These systems are 1) a neutral amino acid transporter with a broad spectrum of interactions with most neutral amino acids, which is highly concentrative, strongly K+- and electrical potential-dependent, poorly stereospecific, and recognizes histidine, but not proline, glycine, or alpha-(methylamino)isobutyric acid (MeAIB); 2) a specific system for L-proline; 3) a specific system for glycine with a higher affinity for Na+ than for K+; 4) a specific system for L-lysine, which is dependent on membrane potential, is highly sensitive to external K+, and does not interact with L-arginine or neutral amino acids; 5) a specific K+-dependent process for glutamic acid, which does not recognize aspartic acid; and last, 6) an apparently unique K+- driven mechanism for D-alanine, which is potential-dependent and strongly stereospecific

Giordana, B., Sacchi, V., Parenti, P., & Hanozet, G. (1989). Amino acid transport systems in intestinal brush-border membranes from lepidopteran larvae. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY, 257(3 Pt 2), R494-R500.

Amino acid transport systems in intestinal brush-border membranes from lepidopteran larvae

PARENTI, PAOLO;
1989

Abstract

Experiments with intestinal brush-border membrane vesicles from lepidopteran larvae disclosed the occurrence of unique cotransporter proteins that use K+ as the driver cation for the transmembrane transfer of amino acids across the luminal border of midgut enterocytes. Six apical membrane amino acid transport systems have been identified. These systems are 1) a neutral amino acid transporter with a broad spectrum of interactions with most neutral amino acids, which is highly concentrative, strongly K+- and electrical potential-dependent, poorly stereospecific, and recognizes histidine, but not proline, glycine, or alpha-(methylamino)isobutyric acid (MeAIB); 2) a specific system for L-proline; 3) a specific system for glycine with a higher affinity for Na+ than for K+; 4) a specific system for L-lysine, which is dependent on membrane potential, is highly sensitive to external K+, and does not interact with L-arginine or neutral amino acids; 5) a specific K+-dependent process for glutamic acid, which does not recognize aspartic acid; and last, 6) an apparently unique K+- driven mechanism for D-alanine, which is potential-dependent and strongly stereospecific
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Scientifica
Amino Acids; Biological Transport; Larva; Animals; Microvilli; Lepidoptera; Intestines
English
Giordana, B., Sacchi, V., Parenti, P., & Hanozet, G. (1989). Amino acid transport systems in intestinal brush-border membranes from lepidopteran larvae. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY, 257(3 Pt 2), R494-R500.
Giordana, B; Sacchi, V; Parenti, P; Hanozet, G
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/25472
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