The optimized stellarator Wendelstein 7-X started operation in December 2015 with a 10 week limiter campaign. Divertor experiments will begin in the second half of 2017. The W7-X Thomson scattering system is an essential diagnostic for electron density and temperature profiles. In this paper the Thomson scattering diagnostic is described in detail, including its design, calibration, data evaluation and first experimental results. Plans for further development are also presented.The W7-X Thomson system is a Nd:YAGsetup with up to five lasers, two sets of light collection lenses viewing the entire plasma cross-section, fiber bundles and filter based polychromators. To reduce hardware costs, two or three scattering volumes are measured with a single polychromator. The relative spectral calibration is carried out with the aid of a broadband supercontinuum light source. The absolute calibration is performed by observing Raman scattering in nitrogen. The electron temperatures and densities are recovered by Bayesian modelling. In the first campaign, the diagnostic was equipped for 10 scattering volumes. It provided temperature profiles comparable to those measured using an electron cyclotron emission diagnostic and line integrated densities within 10% of those from a dispersion interferometer.

Bozhenkov, S., Beurskens, M., Dal Molin, A., Fuchert, G., Pasch, E., Stoneking, M., et al. (2017). The Thomson scattering diagnostic at Wendelstein 7-X and its performance in the first operation phase. JOURNAL OF INSTRUMENTATION, 12(10) [10.1088/1748-0221/12/10/P10004].

The Thomson scattering diagnostic at Wendelstein 7-X and its performance in the first operation phase

Dal Molin, A;
2017

Abstract

The optimized stellarator Wendelstein 7-X started operation in December 2015 with a 10 week limiter campaign. Divertor experiments will begin in the second half of 2017. The W7-X Thomson scattering system is an essential diagnostic for electron density and temperature profiles. In this paper the Thomson scattering diagnostic is described in detail, including its design, calibration, data evaluation and first experimental results. Plans for further development are also presented.The W7-X Thomson system is a Nd:YAGsetup with up to five lasers, two sets of light collection lenses viewing the entire plasma cross-section, fiber bundles and filter based polychromators. To reduce hardware costs, two or three scattering volumes are measured with a single polychromator. The relative spectral calibration is carried out with the aid of a broadband supercontinuum light source. The absolute calibration is performed by observing Raman scattering in nitrogen. The electron temperatures and densities are recovered by Bayesian modelling. In the first campaign, the diagnostic was equipped for 10 scattering volumes. It provided temperature profiles comparable to those measured using an electron cyclotron emission diagnostic and line integrated densities within 10% of those from a dispersion interferometer.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Data processing methods; Plasma diagnostics - interferometry, spectroscopy and imaging
English
Bozhenkov, S., Beurskens, M., Dal Molin, A., Fuchert, G., Pasch, E., Stoneking, M., et al. (2017). The Thomson scattering diagnostic at Wendelstein 7-X and its performance in the first operation phase. JOURNAL OF INSTRUMENTATION, 12(10) [10.1088/1748-0221/12/10/P10004].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/246462
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