In the recent years, ecotoxicological hazard potential of biocidal products has been receiving increasing attention in the industries and regulatory agencies. Biocides/pesticides are currently one of the most studied groups of compounds, and their registration cannot be done without the empirical toxicity information. In view of limited experimental data available for these compounds, we have developed Quantitative Structure-Activity Relationship (QSAR) models for the toxicity of biocides to fish and Daphnia magna following principles of QSAR modeling recommended by the OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development). The models were developed using simple and interpretable 2D descriptors and validated using stringent tests. Both models showed encouraging statistical quality in terms of determination coefficient R 2 (0.800 and 0.648), cross-validated leave-one-out Q 2 (0.760 and 0.602) and predictive R 2pred or Q 2ext (0.875 and 0.817) for fish (n Training = 66, n Test = 22) and Daphnia magna (n Training = 100, n Test = 33) toxicity datasets, respectively. These models should be applicable for data gap filling in case of new or untested biocidal compounds falling within the applicability domain of the models. In general, the models indicate that the toxicity increases with lipophilicity and decreases with polarity, branching and unsaturation. We have also developed interspecies toxicity models for biocides using the daphnia and fish toxicity data and used the models for data gap filling.

Khan, K., Khan, P., Lavado, G., Valsecchi, C., Pasqualini, J., Baderna, D., et al. (2019). QSAR modeling of Daphnia magna and fish toxicities of biocides using 2D descriptors. CHEMOSPHERE, 229, 8-17 [10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.04.204].

QSAR modeling of Daphnia magna and fish toxicities of biocides using 2D descriptors

Valsecchi C.;
2019

Abstract

In the recent years, ecotoxicological hazard potential of biocidal products has been receiving increasing attention in the industries and regulatory agencies. Biocides/pesticides are currently one of the most studied groups of compounds, and their registration cannot be done without the empirical toxicity information. In view of limited experimental data available for these compounds, we have developed Quantitative Structure-Activity Relationship (QSAR) models for the toxicity of biocides to fish and Daphnia magna following principles of QSAR modeling recommended by the OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development). The models were developed using simple and interpretable 2D descriptors and validated using stringent tests. Both models showed encouraging statistical quality in terms of determination coefficient R 2 (0.800 and 0.648), cross-validated leave-one-out Q 2 (0.760 and 0.602) and predictive R 2pred or Q 2ext (0.875 and 0.817) for fish (n Training = 66, n Test = 22) and Daphnia magna (n Training = 100, n Test = 33) toxicity datasets, respectively. These models should be applicable for data gap filling in case of new or untested biocidal compounds falling within the applicability domain of the models. In general, the models indicate that the toxicity increases with lipophilicity and decreases with polarity, branching and unsaturation. We have also developed interspecies toxicity models for biocides using the daphnia and fish toxicity data and used the models for data gap filling.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Biocides; Daphnia magna; Fish; QSAR; Validation
English
2019
229
8
17
reserved
Khan, K., Khan, P., Lavado, G., Valsecchi, C., Pasqualini, J., Baderna, D., et al. (2019). QSAR modeling of Daphnia magna and fish toxicities of biocides using 2D descriptors. CHEMOSPHERE, 229, 8-17 [10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.04.204].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/233168
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