Uncertainty is an intrinsic component of the clinical practice, which manifests itself in a variety of different forms. Despite the growing popularity of Machine Learning-based Decision Support Systems (ML-DSS) in the clinical domain, the effects of the uncertainty that is inherent in the medical data used to train and optimize these systems remain largely under-considered in the Machine Learning community, as well as in the health informatics one. A particularly common type of uncertainty arising in the clinical decision-making process is related to the ambiguity resulting from either lack of decisive information (lack of evidence) or excess of discordant information (lack of consensus). Both types of uncertainty create the opportunity for clinicians to abstain from making a clear-cut classification of the phenomenon under observation and consideration. In this work, we study a Machine Learning model endowed with the ability to directly work with both sources of imperfect information mentioned above. In order to investigate the possible trade-off between accuracy and uncertainty given by the possibility of abstention, we performed an evaluation of the considered model, against a variety of standard Machine Learning algorithms, on a real-world clinical classification problem. We report promising results in terms of commonly used performance metrics.

Campagner, A., Cabitza, F., Ciucci, D. (2019). Exploring medical data classification with three-way decision trees. In HEALTHINF 2019 - 12th International Conference on Health Informatics, Proceedings; Part of 12th International Joint Conference on Biomedical Engineering Systems and Technologies, BIOSTEC 2019 (pp.147-158). SciTePress [10.5220/0007571001470158].

Exploring medical data classification with three-way decision trees

Campagner, A;Cabitza, F;Ciucci, D
2019

Abstract

Uncertainty is an intrinsic component of the clinical practice, which manifests itself in a variety of different forms. Despite the growing popularity of Machine Learning-based Decision Support Systems (ML-DSS) in the clinical domain, the effects of the uncertainty that is inherent in the medical data used to train and optimize these systems remain largely under-considered in the Machine Learning community, as well as in the health informatics one. A particularly common type of uncertainty arising in the clinical decision-making process is related to the ambiguity resulting from either lack of decisive information (lack of evidence) or excess of discordant information (lack of consensus). Both types of uncertainty create the opportunity for clinicians to abstain from making a clear-cut classification of the phenomenon under observation and consideration. In this work, we study a Machine Learning model endowed with the ability to directly work with both sources of imperfect information mentioned above. In order to investigate the possible trade-off between accuracy and uncertainty given by the possibility of abstention, we performed an evaluation of the considered model, against a variety of standard Machine Learning algorithms, on a real-world clinical classification problem. We report promising results in terms of commonly used performance metrics.
No
paper
Data Analysis; Machine Learning; Medicine; Three-Way Decision; Uncertainty;
Machine Learning, Uncertainty, Three--Way Decision, Medicine, Data Analysis
English
12th International Conference on Health Informatics, HEALTHINF 2019 - Part of 12th International Joint Conference on Biomedical Engineering Systems and Technologies, BIOSTEC 2019
978-989-758-353-7
Campagner, A., Cabitza, F., Ciucci, D. (2019). Exploring medical data classification with three-way decision trees. In HEALTHINF 2019 - 12th International Conference on Health Informatics, Proceedings; Part of 12th International Joint Conference on Biomedical Engineering Systems and Technologies, BIOSTEC 2019 (pp.147-158). SciTePress [10.5220/0007571001470158].
Campagner, A; Cabitza, F; Ciucci, D
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/226971
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