Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) carries a severe prognosis, because of its strong invasiveness and early metastasization. In several patients, otherwise eligible for surgical resection, micrometastasis are already present at the time of surgery. The mechanisms responsible for CCA invasiveness are unclear. S100A4, a member of the S100 family of small Ca++-binding proteins, normally expressed in mesenchymal cells, regulates cell motility in several cell types, and is considered a marker of ongoing epithelial-mesenchymal transition. Thus, we aimed to study the role of S100A4 in CCA invasiveness and metastasization. The expression of S100A4 was studied by immunohistochemistry in 93 human liver samples of CCA undergoing surgical resection and correlated to metastases development (67 cases) and patient’s survival following surgery by log rank tests and multivariate analysis. S100A4 expression was studied in EGI-1 and TFK-1, human CCA cell lines with and without nuclear S100A4 expression, respectively. Metastatic properties of CCA cells were assessed by xenotransplantation in severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) mice, after transduction with lentiviral vectors encoding firefly luciferase gene. Proliferation, motility (wound healing), invasiveness (Boyden chamber) and metalloproteinases (MMP) secretion were studied in CCA cells, with or without lentiviral silencing of S100A4. Nuclear expression of S100A4 by neoplastic ducts was a strong predictor of metastasization and reduced survival after resection (p<0.01). EGI-1 CCA cells showed stronger metastatic properties than TFK-1 when xenotransplanted in SCID mice. S100A4-silenced EGI-1 cells showed significantly reduced motility, invasiveness and MMP-9 secretion in vitro, without changes in cell proliferation. Conclusion: Nuclear S100A4 identifies a subset of CCA patients, with poor prognosis after surgical resection. Nuclear expression of S100A4 increases CCA cells invasiveness and metastasization, indicating that S100A4 may also represent a potential therapeutic target.
Fabris, L., Cadamuro, M., Moserle, L., Dziura J, Cong, X., Sambado, L., et al. (2011). Nuclear expression of s100a4 calcium binding protein increases cholangiocarcinoma invasiveness and metastasization. HEPATOLOGY [10.1002/hep.24466].
|Citazione:||Fabris, L., Cadamuro, M., Moserle, L., Dziura J, Cong, X., Sambado, L., et al. (2011). Nuclear expression of s100a4 calcium binding protein increases cholangiocarcinoma invasiveness and metastasization. HEPATOLOGY [10.1002/hep.24466].|
|Tipo:||Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico|
|Carattere della pubblicazione:||Scientifica|
|Presenza di un coautore afferente ad Istituzioni straniere:||No|
|Titolo:||Nuclear expression of s100a4 calcium binding protein increases cholangiocarcinoma invasiveness and metastasization|
|Autori:||Fabris, L; Cadamuro, M; Moserle, L; Dziura J;Cong, X; Sambado, L; Nardo, G; Sonzogni, A; Colledan, M; Furlanetto, A; Bassi, N; Massani, M; Cillo, A; Mescoli, C; Indraccolo, S; Rugge, M; Okolicsanyi, L; Strazzabosco, M|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2011|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hep.24466|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|