Autologous transplantation is a treatment option for relapsed childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in second complete remission (CR2) when a suitable donor is not available. In an attempt to prevent relapses originating from graft leukemic contamination, the experimental protocol of in vitro purification of leukapheretic products with monoclonal antibodies (MoAbs), previously reported for adults, was adopted in 11 of 12 consecutive patients (median age, 9 years) with B cell precursor ALL in CR2 after late relapse (median, 37; range, 31-51 months after the onset) enrolled between July 1997 and July 1999 at a single pediatric center. At a median of 12 days after the mobilizing chemotherapy followed by G-CSF, a median of 13.9 (range, 5.9-18.7)x 10(6) CD34(+) cells/kg were collected from each patient and a median of 7.5 (range, 4.1-12.6) x 10(6) CD34(+) cells/kg underwent the purification procedure. The first step of immuno-rosetting allowed a one-log reduction of the total cell count, by eliminating more than 90% of the CD11b(+) cells; the second step, performed after incubation with anti-CD19 MoAbs, allowed the depletion of 99% (range, 93-100) of the CD19(+) cells, kept within the magnetic field of the immunodepletion column, with a median recovery of 73% (range, 55-87) of the collected CD34(+) cells. Molecular analysis assessed the in vitro eradication of detectable leukemic cells. A median reinfusion of 5.2 (range, 3.2-9.1) x 10(6) CD34(+) cells/kg for each patient (median viability, 90%), after conditioning with the 'TBI-VP16-CY' regimen, allowed prompt engraftment and immunological reconstitution; no patients experienced severe transplant-related toxicity or major infections. One patient relapsed 7 months after transplantation, while 10 patients are alive in clinical and molecular remission, at a median follow-up of 29 months (range, 15-40) (2-year EFS, 89%, s,e, 9), In conclusion, the procedure proved to be reproducible for pediatric purified autografting, highly efficient concerning stem cell recovery acid depletion of leukemia-lineage specific cells, and promising in terms of final outcome.

Balduzzi, A., Gaipa, G., Bonanomi, S., Dassi, M., Perseghin, P., Buscemi, F., et al. (2001). Purified autologous grafting in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia in second remission: evidence for long-term clinical and molecular remissions. LEUKEMIA, 15(1), 50-56 [10.1038/sj.leu.2402004].

Purified autologous grafting in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia in second remission: evidence for long-term clinical and molecular remissions

Balduzzi, A
;
Biondi, A
2001

Abstract

Autologous transplantation is a treatment option for relapsed childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in second complete remission (CR2) when a suitable donor is not available. In an attempt to prevent relapses originating from graft leukemic contamination, the experimental protocol of in vitro purification of leukapheretic products with monoclonal antibodies (MoAbs), previously reported for adults, was adopted in 11 of 12 consecutive patients (median age, 9 years) with B cell precursor ALL in CR2 after late relapse (median, 37; range, 31-51 months after the onset) enrolled between July 1997 and July 1999 at a single pediatric center. At a median of 12 days after the mobilizing chemotherapy followed by G-CSF, a median of 13.9 (range, 5.9-18.7)x 10(6) CD34(+) cells/kg were collected from each patient and a median of 7.5 (range, 4.1-12.6) x 10(6) CD34(+) cells/kg underwent the purification procedure. The first step of immuno-rosetting allowed a one-log reduction of the total cell count, by eliminating more than 90% of the CD11b(+) cells; the second step, performed after incubation with anti-CD19 MoAbs, allowed the depletion of 99% (range, 93-100) of the CD19(+) cells, kept within the magnetic field of the immunodepletion column, with a median recovery of 73% (range, 55-87) of the collected CD34(+) cells. Molecular analysis assessed the in vitro eradication of detectable leukemic cells. A median reinfusion of 5.2 (range, 3.2-9.1) x 10(6) CD34(+) cells/kg for each patient (median viability, 90%), after conditioning with the 'TBI-VP16-CY' regimen, allowed prompt engraftment and immunological reconstitution; no patients experienced severe transplant-related toxicity or major infections. One patient relapsed 7 months after transplantation, while 10 patients are alive in clinical and molecular remission, at a median follow-up of 29 months (range, 15-40) (2-year EFS, 89%, s,e, 9), In conclusion, the procedure proved to be reproducible for pediatric purified autografting, highly efficient concerning stem cell recovery acid depletion of leukemia-lineage specific cells, and promising in terms of final outcome.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, autologous transplantation, acute lymphoblastic leukemia
English
50
56
7
Balduzzi, A., Gaipa, G., Bonanomi, S., Dassi, M., Perseghin, P., Buscemi, F., et al. (2001). Purified autologous grafting in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia in second remission: evidence for long-term clinical and molecular remissions. LEUKEMIA, 15(1), 50-56 [10.1038/sj.leu.2402004].
Balduzzi, A; Gaipa, G; Bonanomi, S; Dassi, M; Perseghin, P; Buscemi, F; D'Aniello, E; Rovelli, A; Schiro, R; Longoni, D; Rambaldi, A; Uderzo, C; Biondi, A
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/222084
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