Background: Prolonged application time of helmet continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) leads to better outcomes, but its timing can be influenced by the patient's tolerance. Aims and objectives: To investigate patients' pain and tolerance experience related to different options of helmet fixing system: ‘armpits strap’ versus ‘counterweights system’. Design: This was a non–randomized crossover study performed in a 10-bed intensive care unit and referral extra corporeal membrane oxigenation (ECMO) centre of an Italian university hospital. Results: Twenty patients were enrolled. For helmet-CPAP cycles performed with the armpit straps option, the mean pain numerical rate on a 0–10 scale was: 0·5 ± 1·4 at T0 (baseline), 1·5 ± 2·0 at T1 (after 1 h) and 2·6 ± 2·5 at T2 (end of cycle) (p = 0·023). The same analysis was performed for the counterweights fixing option. The mean score was 0·3 ± 0·6 at T0, 0·3 ± 0·2 at T1 and 0·5 ± 0·7 at T2 (p = 0·069). The mean duration for CPAP cycles performed with armpits strap and counterweights system was 3·0 ± 1·0 and 3·9 ± 2·3 h, respectively (p < 0·001). The mean section of the Basilic vein that was investigated before wearing the helmet was equal to 0·23 ± 0·20 cm2. After 1 h of therapy with the counterweight option and armpit straps, the mean increase of the vein's section was 0·27 ± 0·21(p = 0·099) and 0·30 ± 0·25, respectively (p = 0·080). Conclusions: The fixing system options in use to anchor the helmet during CPAP could worsen the pain experience level and cause device-related pressure ulcers. When compared with the armpit straps option, the counterweights system appears to be a suitable approach to minimize the risks of pressure sores and pain during the treatment. Relevance to practice: The helmet CPAP is a reliable therapy to manage acute respiratory failure. Major improvements regarding pulmonary alveolar recruitment and oxygen levels are strictly related to a prolonged time of helmet CPAP cycles. Using a counterweight fixing system, where the armpits straps are not necessary, could be helpful in reducing patients' pain experience.
Lucchini, A., Elli, S., Bambi, S., De Felippis, C., Vimercati, S., Minotti, D., et al. (2019). How different helmet fixing options could affect patients' pain experience during helmet-continuous positive airway pressure. NURSING IN CRITICAL CARE, 24(6), 369-374 [10.1111/nicc.12399].
|Citazione:||Lucchini, A., Elli, S., Bambi, S., De Felippis, C., Vimercati, S., Minotti, D., et al. (2019). How different helmet fixing options could affect patients' pain experience during helmet-continuous positive airway pressure. NURSING IN CRITICAL CARE, 24(6), 369-374 [10.1111/nicc.12399].|
|Tipo:||Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico|
|Carattere della pubblicazione:||Scientifica|
|Presenza di un coautore afferente ad Istituzioni straniere:||No|
|Titolo:||How different helmet fixing options could affect patients' pain experience during helmet-continuous positive airway pressure|
|Autori:||Lucchini, A; Elli, S; Bambi, S; De Felippis, C; Vimercati, S; Minotti, D; Pasquali, S; Cannizzo, L; Fumagalli, R; Foti, G|
LUCCHINI, ALBERTO (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Rivista:||NURSING IN CRITICAL CARE|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/nicc.12399|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|