Cl- influx at the luminal border of the epithelium of rabbit gallbladder was measured by 45-sec exposures to 36Cl- and 3H-sucrose (as extracellular marker). Its paracellular component was evaluated by the use of 25 mM SCN- which immediately and completely inhibits Cl- entry into the cell. Cellular influx was equal to 16.7 mu eq cm-2 hr-1 and decreased to 8.5 mu eq cm-2 hr-1 upon removal of HCO3- from the bathing media and by bubbling 100% O2 for 45 min. When HCO3- was present, cellular influx was again about halved by the action of 10(-4) M acetazolamide, 10(-5) to 10(-4) M furosemide, 10(-5) to 10(-4) M 4-acetamido-4'-isothiocyanostilbene-2,2'-disulfonate (SITS), 10(-3) M amiloride. The effects of furosemide and SITS were tested at different concentrations of the inhibitor and with different exposure times: they were maximal at the concentrations reported above and nonadditive. In turn, the effects of amiloride and SITS were not additive. Acetazolamide reached its maximal action after an exposure of about 2 min. When exogenous HCO3- was absent, the residual cellular influx was insensitive to acetazolamide, furosemide and SITS. When exogenous HCO3- was present in the salines, Na+ removal from the mucosal side caused a slow decline of cellular Cl- influx; conversely, it immediately abolished cellular Cl- influx in the absence of HCO3-. In conclusion, about 50% of cellular influx is sensitive to HCO3-, inhibitable by SCN-, acetazolamide, furosemide, SITS and amiloride and furthermore slowly dependent on Na+. The residual cellular influx is insensitive to bicarbonate, inhibitable by SCN-, resistant to acetazolamide, furosemide, SITS and amiloride, and immediately dependent on Na+. Thus, about 50% of apical membrane NaCl influx appears to result from a Na+/H+ and Cl-/HCO3- exchange, whereas the residual influx seems to be due to Na+-Cl- cotransport on a single carrier. Whether both components are simultaneously present or the latter represents a cellular homeostatic counter-reaction to the inhibition of the former is not clear.

Cremaschi, D., Meyer, G., Rossetti, C., Bottà, G., & Palestini, P. (1987). The nature of the neutral Na+-Cl(-)-coupled entry at the apical membrane of rabbit gallbladder epithelium: I. Na+/H+, Cl-/HCO3- double exchange and Na+-Cl- symport. THE JOURNAL OF MEMBRANE BIOLOGY, 95(3), 209-218.

The nature of the neutral Na+-Cl(-)-coupled entry at the apical membrane of rabbit gallbladder epithelium: I. Na+/H+, Cl-/HCO3- double exchange and Na+-Cl- symport

PALESTINI, PAOLA NOVERINA ADA
1987

Abstract

Cl- influx at the luminal border of the epithelium of rabbit gallbladder was measured by 45-sec exposures to 36Cl- and 3H-sucrose (as extracellular marker). Its paracellular component was evaluated by the use of 25 mM SCN- which immediately and completely inhibits Cl- entry into the cell. Cellular influx was equal to 16.7 mu eq cm-2 hr-1 and decreased to 8.5 mu eq cm-2 hr-1 upon removal of HCO3- from the bathing media and by bubbling 100% O2 for 45 min. When HCO3- was present, cellular influx was again about halved by the action of 10(-4) M acetazolamide, 10(-5) to 10(-4) M furosemide, 10(-5) to 10(-4) M 4-acetamido-4'-isothiocyanostilbene-2,2'-disulfonate (SITS), 10(-3) M amiloride. The effects of furosemide and SITS were tested at different concentrations of the inhibitor and with different exposure times: they were maximal at the concentrations reported above and nonadditive. In turn, the effects of amiloride and SITS were not additive. Acetazolamide reached its maximal action after an exposure of about 2 min. When exogenous HCO3- was absent, the residual cellular influx was insensitive to acetazolamide, furosemide and SITS. When exogenous HCO3- was present in the salines, Na+ removal from the mucosal side caused a slow decline of cellular Cl- influx; conversely, it immediately abolished cellular Cl- influx in the absence of HCO3-. In conclusion, about 50% of cellular influx is sensitive to HCO3-, inhibitable by SCN-, acetazolamide, furosemide, SITS and amiloride and furthermore slowly dependent on Na+. The residual cellular influx is insensitive to bicarbonate, inhibitable by SCN-, resistant to acetazolamide, furosemide, SITS and amiloride, and immediately dependent on Na+. Thus, about 50% of apical membrane NaCl influx appears to result from a Na+/H+ and Cl-/HCO3- exchange, whereas the residual influx seems to be due to Na+-Cl- cotransport on a single carrier. Whether both components are simultaneously present or the latter represents a cellular homeostatic counter-reaction to the inhibition of the former is not clear.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Epithelium; Sodium Chloride Symporters; Chlorides; Animals; Carrier Proteins; Sodium; Rabbits; Kinetics; Symporters; 4-Acetamido-4'-isothiocyanatostilbene-2,2'-disulfonic Acid; Thiocyanates; Gallbladder; Amiloride; Chloride-Bicarbonate Antiporters; Sodium-Hydrogen Antiporter; Acetazolamide; Bicarbonates; Cell Membrane
English
209
218
Cremaschi, D., Meyer, G., Rossetti, C., Bottà, G., & Palestini, P. (1987). The nature of the neutral Na+-Cl(-)-coupled entry at the apical membrane of rabbit gallbladder epithelium: I. Na+/H+, Cl-/HCO3- double exchange and Na+-Cl- symport. THE JOURNAL OF MEMBRANE BIOLOGY, 95(3), 209-218.
Cremaschi, D; Meyer, G; Rossetti, C; Bottà, G; Palestini, P
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/21484
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