The spontaneous transfer between membranes of GM3, a ganglioside present in a vesicular form of aggregation instead of micellar form like the majority of gangliosides in aqueous medium, has been studied. Upon incubation of GM3 in the presence of dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) large unilamellar vesicles at 50 degrees C, mixed GM3/DPPC vesicles are formed. The maximum amount of GM3 that can be inserted into vesicles is about 8%. The temperature dependence of the kinetics has been followed by the excimer formation technique, using the fluorescent analogue pyrenyldodecanoyl-GM3. The transfer of ganglioside from its vesicles to DPPC vesicles depends on the physicochemical characteristics of both the donor and of the acceptor vesicles and increases with the temperature (k = 0.006 0.012, 0.037 at 30, 41 and 50 degrees C, respectively), with a major break point at 41 degrees C and a minor one at 35 degrees C. These temperatures correspond to the gel- to liquid-crystalline transition of DPPC (Tm = 41.3 degrees C), and to a temperature transition displayed by GM3 ganglioside. Similar experiments performed with erythrocyte ghosts yielded a rate constant of 0.04 at 37 degrees C. For the transfer of ganglioside from DPPC (donor) to DMPC (acceptor) the rate constants were 0 at 15 degrees C (both phospholipids in the gel phase), 0.005 at 37 degrees C (donor in the gel phase, acceptor in the fluid phase) and 0.04 at 50 degrees C (both phospholipids in the fluid phase).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Palestini, P., Pitto, M., Sonnino, S., Omodeo Salè, M., Masserini, M. (1995). Spontaneous transfer of GM3 ganglioside between vesicles. CHEMISTRY AND PHYSICS OF LIPIDS, 77(2), 253-260 [10.1016/0009-3084(95)02474-W].

Spontaneous transfer of GM3 ganglioside between vesicles

PALESTINI, PAOLA NOVERINA ADA;PITTO, MARINA;MASSERINI, MASSIMO ERNESTO
1995

Abstract

The spontaneous transfer between membranes of GM3, a ganglioside present in a vesicular form of aggregation instead of micellar form like the majority of gangliosides in aqueous medium, has been studied. Upon incubation of GM3 in the presence of dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) large unilamellar vesicles at 50 degrees C, mixed GM3/DPPC vesicles are formed. The maximum amount of GM3 that can be inserted into vesicles is about 8%. The temperature dependence of the kinetics has been followed by the excimer formation technique, using the fluorescent analogue pyrenyldodecanoyl-GM3. The transfer of ganglioside from its vesicles to DPPC vesicles depends on the physicochemical characteristics of both the donor and of the acceptor vesicles and increases with the temperature (k = 0.006 0.012, 0.037 at 30, 41 and 50 degrees C, respectively), with a major break point at 41 degrees C and a minor one at 35 degrees C. These temperatures correspond to the gel- to liquid-crystalline transition of DPPC (Tm = 41.3 degrees C), and to a temperature transition displayed by GM3 ganglioside. Similar experiments performed with erythrocyte ghosts yielded a rate constant of 0.04 at 37 degrees C. For the transfer of ganglioside from DPPC (donor) to DMPC (acceptor) the rate constants were 0 at 15 degrees C (both phospholipids in the gel phase), 0.005 at 37 degrees C (donor in the gel phase, acceptor in the fluid phase) and 0.04 at 50 degrees C (both phospholipids in the fluid phase).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Kinetics; G(M3) Ganglioside; Temperature; Micelles; Gangliosides; Chromatography, Gel; Liposomes; Dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine; 1,2-Dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine; Membrane Fusion; Fluorescent Dyes
English
253
260
8
Palestini, P., Pitto, M., Sonnino, S., Omodeo Salè, M., Masserini, M. (1995). Spontaneous transfer of GM3 ganglioside between vesicles. CHEMISTRY AND PHYSICS OF LIPIDS, 77(2), 253-260 [10.1016/0009-3084(95)02474-W].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/21439
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