This study investigates the influence of age and attachment (secure, anxious-ambivalent, avoidant, and disorganized) on children’s representations of death. One hundred primary-school children, whose attachment patterns were assessed using Separation Anxiety Test, completed Düss’ funeral fable. Top-down thematic content analysis was applied by coding the narrative data with respect to eight ad hoc dimensions (narrative structure, emotional content, reflective capacity, locus of control, spatial and temporal embedding, action, image of self, and image of others). Regression analyses showed age to predict aspects of narrative structure, and attachment to predict emotional contents. Analysis of variance and t-test results showed that secure attachment was associated with longer narratives, greater reflective capacity, affect, and positive representations of self; avoidant attachment with more detailed descriptions of context and less affectivity. Anxious attachment prompted negative emotions and references to irrevers-ibility of death in the sense of an irreparable loss; disorganized attachment led to shorter narratives, bizarre and violent contents. Implications for clinical work and future lines of enquiry are discussed.

Procaccia, R., Neimeyer, R., Veronese, G., & Castiglioni, M. (2018). Children’s representations of death: The role of age and attachment style. TPM. TESTING, PSYCHOMETRICS, METHODOLOGY IN APPLIED PSYCHOLOGY, 25(4), 549-569 [10.4473/TPM25.4.6].

Children’s representations of death: The role of age and attachment style

Procaccia, R;Veronese, G;Castiglioni, M
2018

Abstract

This study investigates the influence of age and attachment (secure, anxious-ambivalent, avoidant, and disorganized) on children’s representations of death. One hundred primary-school children, whose attachment patterns were assessed using Separation Anxiety Test, completed Düss’ funeral fable. Top-down thematic content analysis was applied by coding the narrative data with respect to eight ad hoc dimensions (narrative structure, emotional content, reflective capacity, locus of control, spatial and temporal embedding, action, image of self, and image of others). Regression analyses showed age to predict aspects of narrative structure, and attachment to predict emotional contents. Analysis of variance and t-test results showed that secure attachment was associated with longer narratives, greater reflective capacity, affect, and positive representations of self; avoidant attachment with more detailed descriptions of context and less affectivity. Anxious attachment prompted negative emotions and references to irrevers-ibility of death in the sense of an irreparable loss; disorganized attachment led to shorter narratives, bizarre and violent contents. Implications for clinical work and future lines of enquiry are discussed.
Si
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Scientifica
Attachment style; Düss fables; Insecure attachment; Representations of death in children; Secure attachment;
Attachment style; Secure attachment; Insecure attachment; Representations of death in children; Düss fables.
English
549
569
21
Procaccia, R., Neimeyer, R., Veronese, G., & Castiglioni, M. (2018). Children’s representations of death: The role of age and attachment style. TPM. TESTING, PSYCHOMETRICS, METHODOLOGY IN APPLIED PSYCHOLOGY, 25(4), 549-569 [10.4473/TPM25.4.6].
Procaccia, R; Neimeyer, R; Veronese, G; Castiglioni, M
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/213300
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