The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of sport activity on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of solid organ transplant recipients participating in sports competitions. A group of 168 sportive transplanted patients (STP), a group of 97 nonsportive transplanted patients (NSTP), and a group of 152 sportive healthy controls (SHC) were compared on the eight scales of the SF-36 questionnaire. STP and NSTP reported significantly lower scores than SHC on the physical functioning scale. STP did not differ from SHC in the Role-Physical, General Health, and Vitality scales, while NSTP reported significantly lower scores. STP obtained higher scores than NSTP and SHC on Mental Health. Among STP, the effect of quantity of sport activity was significant on General Health and Role Emotional, with more sport activity associated with higher HRQoL. Organ failure and post-transplant therapies may have negative consequences on HRQoL. Sports activities and participation in sports competitions can reduce this impact, improving general and psychological functioning of solid organ transplant recipients.

Cicognani, E., Mazzoni, D., Totti, V., Roi, G., Mosconi, G., Nanni Costa, A. (2015). Health-related quality of life after solid organ transplantation: the role of sport activity. PSYCHOLOGY, HEALTH & MEDICINE, 20(8), 997-1004 [10.1080/13548506.2014.993404].

Health-related quality of life after solid organ transplantation: the role of sport activity

Mazzoni, D;
2015

Abstract

The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of sport activity on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of solid organ transplant recipients participating in sports competitions. A group of 168 sportive transplanted patients (STP), a group of 97 nonsportive transplanted patients (NSTP), and a group of 152 sportive healthy controls (SHC) were compared on the eight scales of the SF-36 questionnaire. STP and NSTP reported significantly lower scores than SHC on the physical functioning scale. STP did not differ from SHC in the Role-Physical, General Health, and Vitality scales, while NSTP reported significantly lower scores. STP obtained higher scores than NSTP and SHC on Mental Health. Among STP, the effect of quantity of sport activity was significant on General Health and Role Emotional, with more sport activity associated with higher HRQoL. Organ failure and post-transplant therapies may have negative consequences on HRQoL. Sports activities and participation in sports competitions can reduce this impact, improving general and psychological functioning of solid organ transplant recipients.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
quality of life; transplantation; sport
English
2015
20
8
997
1004
reserved
Cicognani, E., Mazzoni, D., Totti, V., Roi, G., Mosconi, G., Nanni Costa, A. (2015). Health-related quality of life after solid organ transplantation: the role of sport activity. PSYCHOLOGY, HEALTH & MEDICINE, 20(8), 997-1004 [10.1080/13548506.2014.993404].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/210227
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