Sso7d is a basic 7-kDa DNA-binding protein from Sulfolobus solfataricus, also endowed with ribonuclease activity. The protein consists of a double-stranded antiparallel β-sheet, onto which an orthogonal triple-stranded antiparallel β-sheet is packed, and of a small helical stretch at the C-terminus. Furthermore, the two β- sheets enclose an aromatic cluster displaying a fishbone geometry. We previously cloned the Sso7d-encoding gene, expressed it in Escherichia coli, and produced several single-point mutants, either of residues located in the hydrophobic core or of Trp23, which is exposed to the solvent and plays a major role in DNA binding. The mutation F31A was dramatically destabilizing, with a loss in thermo- and piezostabilities by at least 27 K and 10 kbar, respectively. Here, we report the solution structure of the F31A mutant, which was determined by NMR spectroscopy using 744 distance constraints obtained from analysis of multidimensional spectra in conjunction with simulated annealing protocols. The most remarkable finding is the change in orientation of the Trp23 side chain, which in the wild type is completely exposed to the solvent, whereas in the mutant is largely buried in the aromatic cluster. This prevents the formation of a cavity in the hydrophobic core of the mutant, which would arise in the absence of structural rearrangements. We found additional changes produced by the mutation, notably a strong distortion in the β-sheets with loss in several hydrogen bonds, increased flexibility of some stretches of the backbone, and some local strains. On one hand, these features may justify the dramatic destabilization provoked by the mutation; on the other hand, they highlight the crucial role of the hydrophobic core in protein stability. To the best of our knowledge, no similar rearrangement has been so far described as a result of a single-point mutation.

Consonni, R., Santomo, L., Fusi, P., Tortora, P., & Zetta, L. (1999). A single-point mutation in the extreme heat- and pressure-resistant Sso7d protein from Sulfolobus solfataricus leads to a major rearrangement of the hydrophobic core. BIOCHEMISTRY, 38(39), 12709-12717 [10.1021/bi9911280].

A single-point mutation in the extreme heat- and pressure-resistant Sso7d protein from Sulfolobus solfataricus leads to a major rearrangement of the hydrophobic core

FUSI, PAOLA ALESSANDRA;TORTORA, PAOLO;
1999

Abstract

Sso7d is a basic 7-kDa DNA-binding protein from Sulfolobus solfataricus, also endowed with ribonuclease activity. The protein consists of a double-stranded antiparallel β-sheet, onto which an orthogonal triple-stranded antiparallel β-sheet is packed, and of a small helical stretch at the C-terminus. Furthermore, the two β- sheets enclose an aromatic cluster displaying a fishbone geometry. We previously cloned the Sso7d-encoding gene, expressed it in Escherichia coli, and produced several single-point mutants, either of residues located in the hydrophobic core or of Trp23, which is exposed to the solvent and plays a major role in DNA binding. The mutation F31A was dramatically destabilizing, with a loss in thermo- and piezostabilities by at least 27 K and 10 kbar, respectively. Here, we report the solution structure of the F31A mutant, which was determined by NMR spectroscopy using 744 distance constraints obtained from analysis of multidimensional spectra in conjunction with simulated annealing protocols. The most remarkable finding is the change in orientation of the Trp23 side chain, which in the wild type is completely exposed to the solvent, whereas in the mutant is largely buried in the aromatic cluster. This prevents the formation of a cavity in the hydrophobic core of the mutant, which would arise in the absence of structural rearrangements. We found additional changes produced by the mutation, notably a strong distortion in the β-sheets with loss in several hydrogen bonds, increased flexibility of some stretches of the backbone, and some local strains. On one hand, these features may justify the dramatic destabilization provoked by the mutation; on the other hand, they highlight the crucial role of the hydrophobic core in protein stability. To the best of our knowledge, no similar rearrangement has been so far described as a result of a single-point mutation.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Sso7d, S. solfataricus
English
12709
12717
Consonni, R., Santomo, L., Fusi, P., Tortora, P., & Zetta, L. (1999). A single-point mutation in the extreme heat- and pressure-resistant Sso7d protein from Sulfolobus solfataricus leads to a major rearrangement of the hydrophobic core. BIOCHEMISTRY, 38(39), 12709-12717 [10.1021/bi9911280].
Consonni, R; Santomo, L; Fusi, P; Tortora, P; Zetta, L
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/20334
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