Extra corporeal photochemotherapy (ECP) is an immunomodulating procedure used in several nonneurological diseases which, similarly to multiple sclerosis, are likely to be due to T-cell-mediated autoimmunity and it is probable that ECP can modulate the normal activity of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). Using the Lewis rat experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (EAE) model of human multiple sclerosis (MS) we examined the effect of extracorporeal UV-A irradiation on psoralen-activated PBMC. In our experiment the comparison between the two groups of animals (ECP or sham-treatment) evidenced that the ECP treatment reduced the severity of EAE on clinical grounds and this result was confirmed by the pathological examination. The changes in the titers of anti-myelin antigen antibodies typical of EAE were also modulated by the procedure. Ex vivo examination evidenced a significant reduction in tumor-necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) released by PBMC after lipopolysaccharides (LPS) stimulation in culture. We conclude that ECP modifies the normal activity of PBMC during the course of EAE and it is possible that one of the anti-inflammatory mechanisms of action of ECP is correlated to a down-regulation of T-helper 1 lymphocytes activity.

Cavaletti, G., Perseghin, P., Dassi, M., Oggioni, N., Sala, F., Braga, M., et al. (2004). Extracorporeal photochemotherapy reduces the severity of Lewis rat experimental allergic encephalomyelitis through a modulation of the function of peripheral blood mononuclear cells. JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL REGULATORS & HOMEOSTATIC AGENTS, 18(1), 9-17.

Extracorporeal photochemotherapy reduces the severity of Lewis rat experimental allergic encephalomyelitis through a modulation of the function of peripheral blood mononuclear cells

CAVALETTI, GUIDO ANGELO;OGGIONI, NORBERTO;ZOIA, CHIARA PAOLA;TAGLIABUE, ELENA;STANZANI, LORENZO;RIGAMONTI, LAURA MARIA;MARMIROLI, PAOLA LORENA;FERRARESE, CARLO;FRATTOLA, LODOVICO;TREDICI, GIOVANNI
2004

Abstract

Extra corporeal photochemotherapy (ECP) is an immunomodulating procedure used in several nonneurological diseases which, similarly to multiple sclerosis, are likely to be due to T-cell-mediated autoimmunity and it is probable that ECP can modulate the normal activity of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). Using the Lewis rat experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (EAE) model of human multiple sclerosis (MS) we examined the effect of extracorporeal UV-A irradiation on psoralen-activated PBMC. In our experiment the comparison between the two groups of animals (ECP or sham-treatment) evidenced that the ECP treatment reduced the severity of EAE on clinical grounds and this result was confirmed by the pathological examination. The changes in the titers of anti-myelin antigen antibodies typical of EAE were also modulated by the procedure. Ex vivo examination evidenced a significant reduction in tumor-necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) released by PBMC after lipopolysaccharides (LPS) stimulation in culture. We conclude that ECP modifies the normal activity of PBMC during the course of EAE and it is possible that one of the anti-inflammatory mechanisms of action of ECP is correlated to a down-regulation of T-helper 1 lymphocytes activity.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Ultraviolet Rays; Rats, Inbred Lew; Time Factors; Leukocytes, Mononuclear; Photochemotherapy; Encephalomyelitis, Autoimmune, Experimental; Female; Light; Corticosterone; Rats; Animals; Down-Regulation; Lipopolysaccharides; Humans; Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha; Cytokines; Multiple Sclerosis; Myelin Basic Proteins
English
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17
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Cavaletti, G., Perseghin, P., Dassi, M., Oggioni, N., Sala, F., Braga, M., et al. (2004). Extracorporeal photochemotherapy reduces the severity of Lewis rat experimental allergic encephalomyelitis through a modulation of the function of peripheral blood mononuclear cells. JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL REGULATORS & HOMEOSTATIC AGENTS, 18(1), 9-17.
Cavaletti, G; Perseghin, P; Dassi, M; Oggioni, N; Sala, F; Braga, M; Lolli, F; Riccio, P; Carlone, G; Zoia, C; Tagliabue, E; Stanzani, L; Galbiati, S; Rigamonti, L; Marmiroli, P; Ferrarese, C; Frattola, L; Tredici, G
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/20325
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