Background: The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) concluded that alcohol consumption is related to colorectal cancer (CRC). However, several issues remain unresolved, including quantification of the association for light (£1 drink/day) and moderate (2–3 drinks/day) alcohol drinking, investigation of the dose–response relationship, and potential heterogeneity of effects by sex, colorectal site, and geographical region. Methods: Twenty-seven cohort and 34 case–control studies presenting results for at least three categories of alcohol intake were identified from a PubMed search of articles published before May 2010. The summary relative risks (RRs) were estimated by the random effects model. Second-order fractional polynomials and random effects metaregression models were used for modeling the dose–risk relation. Results: The RRs were 1.21 [95% confidence interval (CI) 1.13–1.28] for moderate and 1.52 (95% CI 1.27–1.81) for heavy (‡4 drinks/day) alcohol drinking. The RR for moderate drinkers, compared with non-/occasional drinkers, was stronger for men (RR = 1.24, 95% CI 1.13–1.37) than for women (RR = 1.08, 95% CI 1.03–1.13; Pheterogeneity = 0.02). For heavy drinkers, the association was stronger in Asian studies (RR = 1.81, 95% CI 1.33–2.46; Pheterogeneity = 0.04). The dose–risk analysis estimated RRs of 1.07 (95% CI 1.04–1.10), 1.38 (95% CI 1.28–1.50), and 1.82 (95% CI 1.41– 2.35) for 10, 50, and 100 g/day of alcohol, respectively. Conclusions: This meta-analysis provides strong evidence for an association between alcohol drinking of >1 drink/ day and colorectal cancer risk.

Fedirko, V., Tramacere, I., Bagnardi, V., Rota, M., Scotti, L., Islami, F., et al. (2011). Alcohol drinking and colorectal cancer risk: an overall and dose-response meta-analysis of published studies. ANNALS OF ONCOLOGY, 22(9), 1958-1972 [10.1093/annonc/mdq653].

Alcohol drinking and colorectal cancer risk: an overall and dose-response meta-analysis of published studies

BAGNARDI, VINCENZO;ROTA, MATTEO;SCOTTI, LORENZA;
2011

Abstract

Background: The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) concluded that alcohol consumption is related to colorectal cancer (CRC). However, several issues remain unresolved, including quantification of the association for light (£1 drink/day) and moderate (2–3 drinks/day) alcohol drinking, investigation of the dose–response relationship, and potential heterogeneity of effects by sex, colorectal site, and geographical region. Methods: Twenty-seven cohort and 34 case–control studies presenting results for at least three categories of alcohol intake were identified from a PubMed search of articles published before May 2010. The summary relative risks (RRs) were estimated by the random effects model. Second-order fractional polynomials and random effects metaregression models were used for modeling the dose–risk relation. Results: The RRs were 1.21 [95% confidence interval (CI) 1.13–1.28] for moderate and 1.52 (95% CI 1.27–1.81) for heavy (‡4 drinks/day) alcohol drinking. The RR for moderate drinkers, compared with non-/occasional drinkers, was stronger for men (RR = 1.24, 95% CI 1.13–1.37) than for women (RR = 1.08, 95% CI 1.03–1.13; Pheterogeneity = 0.02). For heavy drinkers, the association was stronger in Asian studies (RR = 1.81, 95% CI 1.33–2.46; Pheterogeneity = 0.04). The dose–risk analysis estimated RRs of 1.07 (95% CI 1.04–1.10), 1.38 (95% CI 1.28–1.50), and 1.82 (95% CI 1.41– 2.35) for 10, 50, and 100 g/day of alcohol, respectively. Conclusions: This meta-analysis provides strong evidence for an association between alcohol drinking of >1 drink/ day and colorectal cancer risk.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
alcohol drinking, colorectal neoplasms, ethanol, meta-analysis
English
1958
1972
15
Fedirko, V., Tramacere, I., Bagnardi, V., Rota, M., Scotti, L., Islami, F., et al. (2011). Alcohol drinking and colorectal cancer risk: an overall and dose-response meta-analysis of published studies. ANNALS OF ONCOLOGY, 22(9), 1958-1972 [10.1093/annonc/mdq653].
Fedirko, V; Tramacere, I; Bagnardi, V; Rota, M; Scotti, L; Islami, F; Negri, E; Straif, K; Romieu, I; La Vecchia, C; Boffetta, P; Jenab, M
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/19221
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