PURPOSE: In order to analyze the changes of glucose metabolism by maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) of 18F-FDG PET/CT in patients with rectal cancer submitted to neoadjuvant radiochemotherapy (nRCT) and to correlate SUV changes with tumor regression grade (TRG). METHODS AND MATERIAL: Three sequential 18F-FDG PET/CT studies were performed in 31 patients with rectal cancer at the following time point: before starting the treatment (PET/CT1), during the treatment (PET/CT2), and after completion of neoadjuvant treatment (PET/CT3). The SUVmax values of the rectal lesion in the PET/CT1 (SUV1), PET/CT2 (SUV2), and PET/CT3 (SUV3) were obtained; deltaSUV1 [(SUV1 - SUV2)/SUV1] and deltaSUV2 [(SUV1 - SUV3)/SUV1] were also calculated. Metabolic parameters were compared to TRG. RESULTS: Significant differences in pathologic responder and non-responder patients were found only for SUV2 (6.4 ± 2.9 in responder and 10.7 ± 4.8 in non-responder patients, respectively; P = 0.006) and SUV3 (3.6 ± 1.4 in responder and 6.6 ± 2.1 in non-responder patients, respectively; P = 0.0009). The best predictor for TRG response was SUV3 (threshold of 4.4) with sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, negative predictive value, and positive predictive value of 77.3%, 88.9%, 80.7%, 61.5%, and 94.4%, respectively. CONCLUSION: 18F-FDG PET/CT is a reliable and accurate technique to assess the response to nRCT in rectal cancer. In our population, the absolute value of SUVmax after treatment was the best predictor of pathological response.

Guerra, L., Niespolo, R., DI PISA, G., Ippolito, D., De Ponti, E., Terrevazzi, S., et al. (2011). Change in glucose metabolism measured by 18F-FDG PET/CT as a predictor of histopathologic response to neoadjuvant treatment in rectal cancer. ABDOMINAL IMAGING, 36(1), 38-45 [10.1007/s00261-009-9594-8].

Change in glucose metabolism measured by 18F-FDG PET/CT as a predictor of histopathologic response to neoadjuvant treatment in rectal cancer

Guerra, L;DI PISA, GIUSEPPE;IPPOLITO, DAVIDE;SIRONI, SANDRO;GARDANI, GIANSTEFANO;MESSA, MARIA CRISTINA
2011

Abstract

PURPOSE: In order to analyze the changes of glucose metabolism by maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) of 18F-FDG PET/CT in patients with rectal cancer submitted to neoadjuvant radiochemotherapy (nRCT) and to correlate SUV changes with tumor regression grade (TRG). METHODS AND MATERIAL: Three sequential 18F-FDG PET/CT studies were performed in 31 patients with rectal cancer at the following time point: before starting the treatment (PET/CT1), during the treatment (PET/CT2), and after completion of neoadjuvant treatment (PET/CT3). The SUVmax values of the rectal lesion in the PET/CT1 (SUV1), PET/CT2 (SUV2), and PET/CT3 (SUV3) were obtained; deltaSUV1 [(SUV1 - SUV2)/SUV1] and deltaSUV2 [(SUV1 - SUV3)/SUV1] were also calculated. Metabolic parameters were compared to TRG. RESULTS: Significant differences in pathologic responder and non-responder patients were found only for SUV2 (6.4 ± 2.9 in responder and 10.7 ± 4.8 in non-responder patients, respectively; P = 0.006) and SUV3 (3.6 ± 1.4 in responder and 6.6 ± 2.1 in non-responder patients, respectively; P = 0.0009). The best predictor for TRG response was SUV3 (threshold of 4.4) with sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, negative predictive value, and positive predictive value of 77.3%, 88.9%, 80.7%, 61.5%, and 94.4%, respectively. CONCLUSION: 18F-FDG PET/CT is a reliable and accurate technique to assess the response to nRCT in rectal cancer. In our population, the absolute value of SUVmax after treatment was the best predictor of pathological response.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Scientifica
Rectal cancer, PET/CT, Neoadjuvant, Therapy, response, SUV, Glucose metabolism
English
Guerra, L., Niespolo, R., DI PISA, G., Ippolito, D., De Ponti, E., Terrevazzi, S., et al. (2011). Change in glucose metabolism measured by 18F-FDG PET/CT as a predictor of histopathologic response to neoadjuvant treatment in rectal cancer. ABDOMINAL IMAGING, 36(1), 38-45 [10.1007/s00261-009-9594-8].
Guerra, L; Niespolo, R; DI PISA, G; Ippolito, D; De Ponti, E; Terrevazzi, S; Bovo, G; Sironi, S; Gardani, G; Messa, M
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/19019
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