We study a boundary value problem related to the search of standing waves for the nonlinear Schrödinger equation (NLS) on graphs. Precisely we are interested in characterizing the standing waves of NLS posed on the double-bridge graph, in which two semi-infinite half-lines are attached at a circle at different vertices. At the two vertices the so-called Kirchhoff boundary conditions are imposed. The configuration of the graph is characterized by two lengths, L1 and L2, and we are interested in the existence and properties of standing waves of given frequency ω. For every ω&gt;0 only solutions supported on the circle exist (cnoidal solutions), and only for a rational value of L1/L2; they can be extended to every real ω. We study, for ω&lt;0, the solutions periodic on the circle but with nontrivial components on the half-lines. The problem turns out to be equivalent to a nonlinear boundary value problem in which the boundary condition depends on the spectral parameter ω. After classifying the solutions with rational L1/L2, we turn to L1/L2 irrational showing that there exist standing waves only in correspondence to a countable set of frequencies ω_n, n≥1. Moreover we show that the frequency sequence {ω_n} has a cluster point at -∞ and it admits at least a finite limit point, in general non-zero. Finally, any negative real number can be a limit point of a set of admitted frequencies up to the choice of a suitable irrational geometry L1/L2 for the graph. These results depend on basic properties of diophantine approximation of real numbers.

Noja, D., Rolando, S., Secchi, S. (2019). Standing waves for the NLS on the double-bridge graph and a rational-irrational dichotomy. JOURNAL OF DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS, 266(1), 147-178 [10.1016/j.jde.2018.07.038].

### Standing waves for the NLS on the double-bridge graph and a rational-irrational dichotomy

#### Abstract

We study a boundary value problem related to the search of standing waves for the nonlinear Schrödinger equation (NLS) on graphs. Precisely we are interested in characterizing the standing waves of NLS posed on the double-bridge graph, in which two semi-infinite half-lines are attached at a circle at different vertices. At the two vertices the so-called Kirchhoff boundary conditions are imposed. The configuration of the graph is characterized by two lengths, L1 and L2, and we are interested in the existence and properties of standing waves of given frequency ω. For every ω>0 only solutions supported on the circle exist (cnoidal solutions), and only for a rational value of L1/L2; they can be extended to every real ω. We study, for ω<0, the solutions periodic on the circle but with nontrivial components on the half-lines. The problem turns out to be equivalent to a nonlinear boundary value problem in which the boundary condition depends on the spectral parameter ω. After classifying the solutions with rational L1/L2, we turn to L1/L2 irrational showing that there exist standing waves only in correspondence to a countable set of frequencies ω_n, n≥1. Moreover we show that the frequency sequence {ω_n} has a cluster point at -∞ and it admits at least a finite limit point, in general non-zero. Finally, any negative real number can be a limit point of a set of admitted frequencies up to the choice of a suitable irrational geometry L1/L2 for the graph. These results depend on basic properties of diophantine approximation of real numbers.
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Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Quantum graphs, non-linear Schr¨odinger equation, standing waves
English
2019
147
178
32
Noja, D., Rolando, S., Secchi, S. (2019). Standing waves for the NLS on the double-bridge graph and a rational-irrational dichotomy. JOURNAL OF DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS, 266(1), 147-178 [10.1016/j.jde.2018.07.038].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: `https://hdl.handle.net/10281/189856`