Previous studies have demonstrated that the primordial pulmonary veins originate as an outgrowth of the atrial cells and anastomosis with the pulmonary venous plexus, As a consequence of this embryologic origin the tunica media of these vessels is composed of cardiac cells that express atrial specific markers (Lyons et al,  J Cell Biol 111:2427-2436; Jones et al,  Dev Dyn 200:117-128), We used transgenic mice for the cardiac troponin I (cTNI) gene and smooth muscle (SM) myosin heavy chain as differentiation markers, to analyze how cardiac and SM cells contribute to the formation and structural remodeling of the pulmonary veins during development, We show here that the tunica media of the adult mouse pulmonary veins contains an outer layer of cardiac cells and an intermediate SM cell compartment lining down on the inner endothelium, This structural organization is well expressed in the intrapulmonary veins from the beginning of vasculogenesis, with cardiac cells accumulating over preexisting roots of endothelial and SM cells and extending to the third bifurcation of the pulmonary branches without reaching the more distal tips of the vessels, On the other hand, SM cells, which are widely distributed in the intrapulmonary veins from the embryonic stage E16, accumulate also in the extrapulmonary branches and reach the posterior wall of the left atrium, including the orifices of the pulmonary veins, This event takes place around birth when the pulmonary blood flow starts to function properly, A model for the development of the pulmonary veins is presented, based upon our analysis. (C) 2000 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
|Citazione:||Millino, C., Sarinell, F., Tiveron, C., Villa, A., Sartore, S., & Ausoni, S. (2000). Cardiac and smooth muscle cell contribution to the formation of the murine pulmonary veins. DEVELOPMENTAL DYNAMICS, 218(3), 414-425.|
|Tipo:||Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico|
|Carattere della pubblicazione:||Scientifica|
|Titolo:||Cardiac and smooth muscle cell contribution to the formation of the murine pulmonary veins|
|Autori:||Millino, C; Sarinell, F; Tiveron, C; Villa, A; Sartore, S; Ausoni, S|
|Data di pubblicazione:||lug-2000|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|