The previous exploration of the structure-affinity relationships concerning 4-phenyl-2-quinolinecarboxamide peripheral benzodiazepine receptor (PBR) ligands 6 showed as an interesting result the importance of the presence of a chlorine atom in the methylene carbon at position 3 of the quinoline nucleus. The subnanomolar PBR affinity shown by N-benzyl-3-chloromethyl-N-methyl-4-phenyl-2-quinolinecarboxamide (6b) suggested its chlorine atom to be replaced with other halogens in order to optimize the interaction of the quinolinecarboxamide derivatives with PBR and to develop suitable candidates for positron emission tomography (PET) or single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) studies. The binding studies led to the discovery of fluoromethyl derivative 6a, which showed an IC(50) value of 0.11nM and is, therefore, one of the most potent PBR ligands so far described. Fluoromethyl derivative 6a has been labeled with (11)C (t(1/2)=20.4min, beta(+)=99.8%) starting from the corresponding des-methyl precursor (14) using [(11)C]CH(3)I in the presence of tetrabutylammonium hydroxide in DMF with a 35-40% radiochemical yield (corrected for decay) and 1.5Ci/mumol of specific radioactivity. Ex vivo rat biodistribution and inhibition (following intravenous pre-administration of PK11195) studies showed that [(11)C]6a rapidly and specifically accumulated in PBR-rich tissues such as heart, lung, kidney, spleen, and adrenal, and at a lower level in other peripheral organs and in the brain. The images obtained in mouse with small animal YAP-(S)PET essentially confirmed the result of the ex vivo biodistribution experiments. The biological data suggest that [(11)C]6a is a promising radioligand for peripheral benzodiazepine receptor PET imaging in vivo.

Cappelli, A., Matarrese, M., Moresco, R., Valenti, S., Anziani, M., Vomero, S., et al. (2006). Synthesis, labeling, and biological evaluation of halogenated 2-quinolinecarboxamides as potential radioligands for the visualization of peripheral benzodiazepine receptors. BIOORGANIC & MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY, 14(12), 4055-4066 [10.1016/j.bmc.2006.02.004].

Synthesis, labeling, and biological evaluation of halogenated 2-quinolinecarboxamides as potential radioligands for the visualization of peripheral benzodiazepine receptors

MORESCO, ROSA MARIA;TUROLLA, ELIA ANNA;SIMONELLI, PASQUALE;FAZIO, FERRUCCIO
2006-02

Abstract

The previous exploration of the structure-affinity relationships concerning 4-phenyl-2-quinolinecarboxamide peripheral benzodiazepine receptor (PBR) ligands 6 showed as an interesting result the importance of the presence of a chlorine atom in the methylene carbon at position 3 of the quinoline nucleus. The subnanomolar PBR affinity shown by N-benzyl-3-chloromethyl-N-methyl-4-phenyl-2-quinolinecarboxamide (6b) suggested its chlorine atom to be replaced with other halogens in order to optimize the interaction of the quinolinecarboxamide derivatives with PBR and to develop suitable candidates for positron emission tomography (PET) or single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) studies. The binding studies led to the discovery of fluoromethyl derivative 6a, which showed an IC(50) value of 0.11nM and is, therefore, one of the most potent PBR ligands so far described. Fluoromethyl derivative 6a has been labeled with (11)C (t(1/2)=20.4min, beta(+)=99.8%) starting from the corresponding des-methyl precursor (14) using [(11)C]CH(3)I in the presence of tetrabutylammonium hydroxide in DMF with a 35-40% radiochemical yield (corrected for decay) and 1.5Ci/mumol of specific radioactivity. Ex vivo rat biodistribution and inhibition (following intravenous pre-administration of PK11195) studies showed that [(11)C]6a rapidly and specifically accumulated in PBR-rich tissues such as heart, lung, kidney, spleen, and adrenal, and at a lower level in other peripheral organs and in the brain. The images obtained in mouse with small animal YAP-(S)PET essentially confirmed the result of the ex vivo biodistribution experiments. The biological data suggest that [(11)C]6a is a promising radioligand for peripheral benzodiazepine receptor PET imaging in vivo.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Scientifica
peripheral benzodiazepine receptors, microglia, PET, radiopharmaceuticals
English
4055
4066
Cappelli, A., Matarrese, M., Moresco, R., Valenti, S., Anziani, M., Vomero, S., et al. (2006). Synthesis, labeling, and biological evaluation of halogenated 2-quinolinecarboxamides as potential radioligands for the visualization of peripheral benzodiazepine receptors. BIOORGANIC & MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY, 14(12), 4055-4066 [10.1016/j.bmc.2006.02.004].
Cappelli, A; Matarrese, M; Moresco, R; Valenti, S; Anziani, M; Vomero, S; Turolla, E; Belloli, S; Simonelli, P; Filannino, A; Lecchi, M; Fazio, F
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/1855
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