25 years after the discovery in theÖtztal Italian Alps, the 5,300-year-old mummy keeps providing key information on human biological and medical conditions, aspects of everyday life and societal organization in the Copper Age. The hand axe found with the body of the Alpine Iceman is one of the rare copper objects that is firmly dated to the early Copper Age because of the radiocarbon dating of the axe wooden shaft. Here we report the measurement of the lead isotope ratios of the copper blade. The results unambiguously indicate that the source of the metal is the ore-rich area of Southern Tuscany, despite ample evidence that Alpine copper ore sources were known and exploited at the time. The experimental results are discussed within the framework of all the available coeval archaeometallurgical data in Central- Southern Europe: they show that the Alps were a neat cultural barrier separating distinct metal circuits. The direct evidence of raw metal or object movement between Central Italy and the Alps is surprising and provides a new perspective on long-distance relocation of goods and relationships between the early Copper Age cultures in the area. The result is in line with the recent investigations re-evaluating the timing and extent of copper production in Central Italy in the 4th millennium BC.
Artioli, G., Angelini, I., Kaufmann, G., Canovaro, C., Dal Sasso, G., & Villa, I. (2017). Long-distance connections in the Copper Age: New evidence from the Alpine Iceman's copper axe. PLOS ONE, 12(7) [10.1371/journal.pone.0179263].
|Citazione:||Artioli, G., Angelini, I., Kaufmann, G., Canovaro, C., Dal Sasso, G., & Villa, I. (2017). Long-distance connections in the Copper Age: New evidence from the Alpine Iceman's copper axe. PLOS ONE, 12(7) [10.1371/journal.pone.0179263].|
|Tipo:||Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico|
|Carattere della pubblicazione:||Scientifica|
|Presenza di un coautore afferente ad Istituzioni straniere:||Si|
|Titolo:||Long-distance connections in the Copper Age: New evidence from the Alpine Iceman's copper axe|
|Autori:||Artioli, G; Angelini, I; Kaufmann, G; Canovaro, C; Dal Sasso, G; Villa, I|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0179263|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|