OBJECTIVE Concerns have been raised about a possible increased risk of pancreatic cancer associated with incretin-based therapies. We examined the risk of pancreatic cancer among patients with diabetes prescribed incretin drugs. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS With the use of public health insurance databases of Belgium and the Lombardy Region, Italy, we created two retrospective cohorts that included adult patients who were first prescribed an incretin drug or another noninsulin antidiabetic drug (NIAD) from 1 July 2008 to 31 December 2013 in Belgium and from 1 January 2008 to 31 December 2012 in the Lombardy Region. The risk of pancreatic cancer was evaluated by multivariate-adjusted Cox models that included time-dependent variables. Adjusted hazard ratios (aHRs) from Belgium and Italy were pooled by using fixed-effects meta-analyses. RESULTS The cohorts included 525,733 patients with diabetes treated with NIADs and 33,292 with incretin drugs. Results in both cohorts were similar. Eighty-five and 1,589 subjects who developed pancreatic cancer were registered among the incretin and NIAD new users, respectively, which represented an aHR of pancreatic cancer of 2.14 (95% CI 1.71â2.67) among those prescribed an incretin compared with an NIAD. The aHR with a drug use lag exposure of 6 months was 1.69 (1.24â2.32). The aHR decreased from 3.35 (2.32â4.84) in the first 3 months after the first incretin prescription to 2.12 (1.22â3.66) in months 3â5.9, 1.95 (1.20â3.16) in months 6â11.9, and 1.69 (1.12â2.55) after 12 months. Among those prescribed an NIAD, pancreatic cancer occurred mostly within the year after the first prescription. The risk of pancreatic cancer among patients subsequently prescribed insulin was 6.89 (6.05â7.85). CONCLUSIONS The recent prescription of incretin therapy is associated with an increased risk of pancreatic cancer. The reason for such an increase is likely the consequence of an occult pancreatic cancer that provokes or aggravates diabetes. Studies are warranted for assessing the risk of pancreatic cancer associated with long-term use of incretin drugs.
Boniol, M., Franchi, M., Bota, M., Leclercq, A., Guillaume, J., Van Damme, N., et al. (2018). Incretin-Based therapies and the short-term risk of pancreatic cancer: Results from two retrospective cohort studies. DIABETES CARE, 41(2), 286-292 [10.2337/dc17-0280].
|Citazione:||Boniol, M., Franchi, M., Bota, M., Leclercq, A., Guillaume, J., Van Damme, N., et al. (2018). Incretin-Based therapies and the short-term risk of pancreatic cancer: Results from two retrospective cohort studies. DIABETES CARE, 41(2), 286-292 [10.2337/dc17-0280].|
|Tipo:||Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico|
|Carattere della pubblicazione:||Scientifica|
|Presenza di un coautore afferente ad Istituzioni straniere:||Si|
|Titolo:||Incretin-Based therapies and the short-term risk of pancreatic cancer: Results from two retrospective cohort studies|
|Autori:||Boniol, M; Franchi, M; Bota, M; Leclercq, A; Guillaume, J; Van Damme, N; Corrao, G; Autier, P; Boyle, P|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.2337/dc17-0280|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|