The presence of antibiotic resistant bacteria (ARB) in wastewater was investigated and the role of wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) in promoting or limiting antibiotic resistance was assessed. Escherichia coli (E. coli) and total heterotrophic bacteria (THB) resistance to ampicillin, chloramphenicol and tetracycline was monitored in three WWTPs located in Milan urban area (Italy), differing among them for the operating parameters of biological process, for the disinfection processes (based on sodium hypochlorite, UV radiation, peracetic acid) and for the discharge limits to be met. Wastewater was collected from three sampling points along the treatment sequence (WWTP influent, effluent from sand filtration, WWTP effluent). Antibiotic resistance to ampicillin was observed both for E. coli and for THB. Ampicillin resistant bacteria in the WWTP influents were 20–47% of E. coli and 16–25% of THB counts. A limited resistance to chloramphenicol was observed only for E. coli, while neither for E. coli nor for THB tetracycline resistance was observed. The biological treatment and sand filtration led to a decrease in the maximum percentage of ampicillin-resistant bacteria (20–29% for E. coli, 11–21% for THB). However, the conventionally adopted parameters did not seem adequate to support an interpretation of WWTP role in ARB spread. Peracetic acid was effective in selectively acting on antibiotic resistant THB, unlike UV radiation and sodium hypochlorite. The low counts of E. coli in WWTP final effluents in case of agricultural reuse did not allow to compare the effect of the different disinfection processes on antibiotic resistance.

Turolla, A., Cattaneo, M., Marazzi, F., Mezzanotte, V., Antonelli, M. (2018). Antibiotic resistant bacteria in urban sewage: Role of full-scale wastewater treatment plants on environmental spreading. CHEMOSPHERE, 191, 761-769 [10.1016/j.chemosphere.2017.10.099].

Antibiotic resistant bacteria in urban sewage: Role of full-scale wastewater treatment plants on environmental spreading

Marazzi, F;Mezzanotte, V
Penultimo
;
2018

Abstract

The presence of antibiotic resistant bacteria (ARB) in wastewater was investigated and the role of wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) in promoting or limiting antibiotic resistance was assessed. Escherichia coli (E. coli) and total heterotrophic bacteria (THB) resistance to ampicillin, chloramphenicol and tetracycline was monitored in three WWTPs located in Milan urban area (Italy), differing among them for the operating parameters of biological process, for the disinfection processes (based on sodium hypochlorite, UV radiation, peracetic acid) and for the discharge limits to be met. Wastewater was collected from three sampling points along the treatment sequence (WWTP influent, effluent from sand filtration, WWTP effluent). Antibiotic resistance to ampicillin was observed both for E. coli and for THB. Ampicillin resistant bacteria in the WWTP influents were 20–47% of E. coli and 16–25% of THB counts. A limited resistance to chloramphenicol was observed only for E. coli, while neither for E. coli nor for THB tetracycline resistance was observed. The biological treatment and sand filtration led to a decrease in the maximum percentage of ampicillin-resistant bacteria (20–29% for E. coli, 11–21% for THB). However, the conventionally adopted parameters did not seem adequate to support an interpretation of WWTP role in ARB spread. Peracetic acid was effective in selectively acting on antibiotic resistant THB, unlike UV radiation and sodium hypochlorite. The low counts of E. coli in WWTP final effluents in case of agricultural reuse did not allow to compare the effect of the different disinfection processes on antibiotic resistance.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Antibiotic resistance; Biological process; Disinfection process; E. coli; Total heterotrophic bacteria (THB);
Antibiotic resistance; Biological process; Disinfection process; E. coli; Total heterotrophic bacteria (THB); Environmental Chemistry; Chemistry (all)
English
2018
191
761
769
reserved
Turolla, A., Cattaneo, M., Marazzi, F., Mezzanotte, V., Antonelli, M. (2018). Antibiotic resistant bacteria in urban sewage: Role of full-scale wastewater treatment plants on environmental spreading. CHEMOSPHERE, 191, 761-769 [10.1016/j.chemosphere.2017.10.099].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/184098
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