The adsorption and diffusion of ruthenium adatoms on the (101) surface of tetragonal zirconia was studied by means of periodic Density Functional Theory (PBE+U) calculations. The surface termination has a decisive role in determining the diffusion capability of the adsorbed Ru atoms. On the defect-free and fully dehydroxylated surface, Ru adatoms have several stable adsorption sites with adsorption energies as large as 2.5–2.9 eV However, the kinetic diffusion barriers between adjacent adsorption sites are around 0.5–0.6 eV, indicating a rather fast diffusion process. Surface oxygen vacancies, if present, strongly bind ruthenium adatoms and act as nucleation sites. On hydroxylated surfaces, the adsorption energy of Ru atoms is comparable to the dehydroxylated case, but the kinetic barriers for diffusion are remarkably higher, thus indicating that adsorbed species are less mobile in presence of surface OH groups. The effect is more pronounced for high concentrations of OH groups, since this results in hydrogen bonded hydroxyl units that further limit the diffusion process. These results indicate a possible way to increase the life-time of Ru[sbnd]ZrO2 heterogeneous catalysts by tuning the level of surface hydroxylation, in order to slow down sintering of metal particles via Ostwald ripening process.
Tosoni, S., & Pacchioni, G. (2017). Influence of surface hydroxylation on the Ru atom diffusion on the ZrO2(101) surface: A DFT study. SURFACE SCIENCE, 664, 87-94 [10.1016/j.susc.2017.06.005].
|Citazione:||Tosoni, S., & Pacchioni, G. (2017). Influence of surface hydroxylation on the Ru atom diffusion on the ZrO2(101) surface: A DFT study. SURFACE SCIENCE, 664, 87-94 [10.1016/j.susc.2017.06.005].|
|Tipo:||Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico|
|Carattere della pubblicazione:||Scientifica|
|Presenza di un coautore afferente ad Istituzioni straniere:||No|
|Titolo:||Influence of surface hydroxylation on the Ru atom diffusion on the ZrO2(101) surface: A DFT study|
|Autori:||Tosoni, S; Pacchioni, G|
TOSONI, SERGIO PAOLO (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.susc.2017.06.005|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|