Tail-anchored (TA) proteins, which are defined by an N-terminal cytosolic region and a C-terminal transmembrane domain (TMD), provide useful models for studying the role of the TMD in sorting within the exo-endocytic system. Previous work has shown that a short TMD is required to keep ER-resident TA proteins from escaping to downstream compartments of the secretory pathway. To investigate the role of the TMD in TA protein sorting, we used model constructs, which consisted of GFP linked at its C-terminus to the tail region of cytochrome b(5) with TMDs of differing length or hydrophobicity. Expression of these constructs in CV-1 cells demonstrated that the feature determining exit from the ER is hydrophobicity and that if exit occurs, at least a part of the protein reaches the cell surface. To investigate which pathway to the surface is followed by plasma-membrane-directed TA constructs, we expressed the TA constructs in polarised Madin Darby Canine Kidney (MDCK) cells. The constructs with 22 and 25 residue TMDs were localised basolaterally, but addition at the C-terminus of a 20-residue peptide containing an N-glycosylation site resulted in glycosylation-dependent relocation of ∼50% of the protein to the apical surface. This result suggests that TA proteins may reach the basolateral surface without a signal or that our constructs contain a weak basolateral determinant that is recessive to the apical information carried by the glycan. To assess the effect of the TMDs of endogenous TA proteins, GFP was linked to the tails of syntaxin 3 and 4, which localise to the apical and basolateral surface, respectively, of MDCK cells. The two GFP fusion proteins showed a different surface distribution, which is consistent with a role for the two syntaxin TMDs in polarised sorting.

Bulbarelli, A., Sprocati, T., Barberi, M., Pedrazzini, E., Borgese, N. (2002). Trafficking of tail-anchored proteins: Transport from the endoplasmic reticulum to the plasma membrane and sorting between surface domains in polarised epithelial cells. JOURNAL OF CELL SCIENCE, 115(8), 1689-1702.

Trafficking of tail-anchored proteins: Transport from the endoplasmic reticulum to the plasma membrane and sorting between surface domains in polarised epithelial cells

Bulbarelli, A
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
2002

Abstract

Tail-anchored (TA) proteins, which are defined by an N-terminal cytosolic region and a C-terminal transmembrane domain (TMD), provide useful models for studying the role of the TMD in sorting within the exo-endocytic system. Previous work has shown that a short TMD is required to keep ER-resident TA proteins from escaping to downstream compartments of the secretory pathway. To investigate the role of the TMD in TA protein sorting, we used model constructs, which consisted of GFP linked at its C-terminus to the tail region of cytochrome b(5) with TMDs of differing length or hydrophobicity. Expression of these constructs in CV-1 cells demonstrated that the feature determining exit from the ER is hydrophobicity and that if exit occurs, at least a part of the protein reaches the cell surface. To investigate which pathway to the surface is followed by plasma-membrane-directed TA constructs, we expressed the TA constructs in polarised Madin Darby Canine Kidney (MDCK) cells. The constructs with 22 and 25 residue TMDs were localised basolaterally, but addition at the C-terminus of a 20-residue peptide containing an N-glycosylation site resulted in glycosylation-dependent relocation of ∼50% of the protein to the apical surface. This result suggests that TA proteins may reach the basolateral surface without a signal or that our constructs contain a weak basolateral determinant that is recessive to the apical information carried by the glycan. To assess the effect of the TMDs of endogenous TA proteins, GFP was linked to the tails of syntaxin 3 and 4, which localise to the apical and basolateral surface, respectively, of MDCK cells. The two GFP fusion proteins showed a different surface distribution, which is consistent with a role for the two syntaxin TMDs in polarised sorting.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Apical and basolateral sorting; Cytochrome b(5); Madin darby canine kidney cells; N-glycosylation; Syntaxins; Transmembrane domain; Cell Biology
English
1689
1702
14
Bulbarelli, A., Sprocati, T., Barberi, M., Pedrazzini, E., Borgese, N. (2002). Trafficking of tail-anchored proteins: Transport from the endoplasmic reticulum to the plasma membrane and sorting between surface domains in polarised epithelial cells. JOURNAL OF CELL SCIENCE, 115(8), 1689-1702.
Bulbarelli, A; Sprocati, T; Barberi, M; Pedrazzini, E; Borgese, N
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/182131
Citazioni
  • Scopus 59
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 58
Social impact