This study aims to deepen the knowledge on tear film properties by the development of a protocol for analyses of Photon Correlation Spectroscopy (PCS) on human tears and by the comparison between PCS results obtained on tears of contact lens wearers and non-wearers. Tears (5 μL) were collected by a glass capillary. The analyses provide the hydrodynamic diameter of tear components by analyzing intensity fluctuations in time of scattered light. PCS appears a promising technique for studying tear features and for shedding light on specific eye conditions, such as on the clinical effects of CL wear. In fact, statistical difference (p < 0.001) was found between the measured mean hydrodynamic diameter of tear components of wearers and non-wearers, the resulting value significantly higher for CL wearers. The scenario does not substantially change after (25 ± 5) min from the CL removal. The difference is attributed to changes in the interactions between tear constituents due to CL wear. In order to get deeper insights on the influence of CL wear on aggregation and structure of tear components, a preliminary Electron Spin Resonance (ESR) investigation was performed, monitoring Fe3+ species. ESR spectra on tears of both CL wearers and non-wearers showed the presence of intense signals, probably associated to iron (III) centers in proteins such as lactoferrin, and a weaker resonance attributable to Fe3+ species interacting with S–S bridges of lysozyme. Differences in ESR spectra between CL wearers and non-wearers were detected and tentatively ascribed to changes in coordination or in local environment of Fe3+ centers connected to aggregation phenomena induced by CL wear, which promote their interaction with other neighboring iron species.
Picarazzi, S., Lecchi, M., Pastori, V., D'Arienzo, M., Scotti, R., & Tavazzi, S. (2017). Photon correlation spectroscopy applied to tear analysis. COLLOIDS AND SURFACES. B, BIOINTERFACES, 157, 26-30 [10.1016/j.colsurfb.2017.05.057].
|Citazione:||Picarazzi, S., Lecchi, M., Pastori, V., D'Arienzo, M., Scotti, R., & Tavazzi, S. (2017). Photon correlation spectroscopy applied to tear analysis. COLLOIDS AND SURFACES. B, BIOINTERFACES, 157, 26-30 [10.1016/j.colsurfb.2017.05.057].|
|Tipo:||Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico|
|Carattere della pubblicazione:||Scientifica|
|Presenza di un coautore afferente ad Istituzioni straniere:||No|
|Titolo:||Photon correlation spectroscopy applied to tear analysis|
|Autori:||Picarazzi, S; Lecchi, M; Pastori, V; D'Arienzo, M; Scotti, R; Tavazzi, S|
LECCHI, MARZIA MARIA (Secondo)
TAVAZZI, SILVIA (Ultimo) (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Rivista:||COLLOIDS AND SURFACES. B, BIOINTERFACES|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.colsurfb.2017.05.057|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|