The corpus callosum (cc) contains nitric oxide (NO)-producing neurons. Because NO is a potent vasodilator, these neurons could translate neuronal signals into vascular responses that can be detected by functional brain imaging. Substance P (SP), one of the most widely expressed peptides in the CNS, also produces vasomotor responses by inducing calcium release from intracellular stores through its preferred neurokinin 1 (NK1) receptor, thus inducing NO production via activation of neuronal NO synthase (nNOS). Single- and double-labeling experiments were performed to establish whether NK1-immunopositive neurons (NK1IP-n) are found in the rat cc and the extent of NK1 colocalization with nNOS. NK1IP-n were seen to constitute a large neuronal population in the cc and had a distribution similar to that of nNOSIP neurons (nNOSIP-n). NK1IP-n were numerous in the lateral cc and gradually decreased in the more medial portions, where they were few or absent. Intracallosal NK1IP-n and their dendritic trees were intensely labeled, allowing classification into four morphological types: bipolar, round, polygonal, and pyramidal. Confocal microscopic examination demonstrated that nearly all NK1IP-n contained nNOS (96.43%) and that 84.59% of nNOSIP-n co-expressed NK1. These data suggest that the majority of intracallosal neurons can release NO as a result of the action of SP. A small proportion of nNOSIP-n does not contain NK1 and is not activated by SP; these neurons may release NO via alternative mechanisms. The possible mechanisms by which intracallosal neurons release NO are also reviewed.
Barbaresi, P., Mensã , E., Lariccia, V., Desiato, G., Fabri, M., & Gratteri, S. (2015). Intracallosal neuronal nitric oxide synthase neurons colocalize with neurokinin 1 substance P receptor in the rat. JOURNAL OF COMPARATIVE NEUROLOGY, 523(4), 589-607 [10.1002/cne.23695].
|Citazione:||Barbaresi, P., Mensã , E., Lariccia, V., Desiato, G., Fabri, M., & Gratteri, S. (2015). Intracallosal neuronal nitric oxide synthase neurons colocalize with neurokinin 1 substance P receptor in the rat. JOURNAL OF COMPARATIVE NEUROLOGY, 523(4), 589-607 [10.1002/cne.23695].|
|Tipo:||Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico|
|Carattere della pubblicazione:||Scientifica|
|Presenza di un coautore afferente ad Istituzioni straniere:||No|
|Titolo:||Intracallosal neuronal nitric oxide synthase neurons colocalize with neurokinin 1 substance P receptor in the rat|
|Autori:||Barbaresi, P; Mensã , E; Lariccia, V; Desiato, G; Fabri, M; Gratteri, S|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Rivista:||JOURNAL OF COMPARATIVE NEUROLOGY|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cne.23695|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|