DFT has been used to investigate viable mechanisms of the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) electrocatalyzed by [Fe2(CN){μ-CN(Me)2}(μ-CO)(CO)(Cp)2] (1) in AcOH. Molecular details underlying the proposed ECEC electrochemical sequence have been studied, and the key functionalities of CN- and amino-carbyne ligands have been elucidated. After the first reduction, CN- works as a relay for the first proton from AcOH to the carbyne, with this ligand serving as the main electron acceptor for both reduction steps. After the second reduction, a second protonation occurs at CN- that forms a Fe(CNH) moiety: i.e., the acidic source for the H2 generation. The hydride (formally 2e/H+), necessary to the heterocoupling with H+ is thus provided by the μ-CN(Me)2 ligand and not by Fe centers, as occurs in typical L6Fe2S2 derivatives modeling the hydrogenase active site. It is remarkable, in this regard, that CN- plays a role more subtle than that previously expected (increasing electron density at Fe atoms). In addition, the role of AcOH in shuttling protons from CN- to CN(Me)2 is highlighted. The incompetence for the HER of the related species [Fe2{μ-CN(Me)2}(μ-CO)(CO)2(Cp)2]+ (2+) has been investigated and attributed to the loss of proton responsiveness caused by CN- replacement with CO. In the context of hydrogenase mimicry, an implication of this study is that the dithiolate strap, normally present in all synthetic models, can be removed from the Fe2 core without loss of HER, but the redox and acid-base processes underlying turnover switch from a metal-based to a ligand-based chemistry. The versatile nature of the carbyne, once incorporated in the Fe2 scaffold, could be exploited to develop more active and robust catalysts for the HER.

Arrigoni, F., Bertini, L., De Gioia, L., Cingolani, A., Mazzoni, R., Zanotti, V., et al. (2017). Mechanistic Insight into Electrocatalytic H2 Production by [Fe2(CN)μ-CN(Me)2(μ-CO)(CO)(Cp)2]: Effects of Dithiolate Replacement in [FeFe] Hydrogenase Models. INORGANIC CHEMISTRY, 56(22), 13852-13864 [10.1021/acs.inorgchem.7b01954].

Mechanistic Insight into Electrocatalytic H2 Production by [Fe2(CN)μ-CN(Me)2(μ-CO)(CO)(Cp)2]: Effects of Dithiolate Replacement in [FeFe] Hydrogenase Models

Arrigoni, F;Bertini, L;De Gioia, L;Zampella, G.
2017

Abstract

DFT has been used to investigate viable mechanisms of the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) electrocatalyzed by [Fe2(CN){μ-CN(Me)2}(μ-CO)(CO)(Cp)2] (1) in AcOH. Molecular details underlying the proposed ECEC electrochemical sequence have been studied, and the key functionalities of CN- and amino-carbyne ligands have been elucidated. After the first reduction, CN- works as a relay for the first proton from AcOH to the carbyne, with this ligand serving as the main electron acceptor for both reduction steps. After the second reduction, a second protonation occurs at CN- that forms a Fe(CNH) moiety: i.e., the acidic source for the H2 generation. The hydride (formally 2e/H+), necessary to the heterocoupling with H+ is thus provided by the μ-CN(Me)2 ligand and not by Fe centers, as occurs in typical L6Fe2S2 derivatives modeling the hydrogenase active site. It is remarkable, in this regard, that CN- plays a role more subtle than that previously expected (increasing electron density at Fe atoms). In addition, the role of AcOH in shuttling protons from CN- to CN(Me)2 is highlighted. The incompetence for the HER of the related species [Fe2{μ-CN(Me)2}(μ-CO)(CO)2(Cp)2]+ (2+) has been investigated and attributed to the loss of proton responsiveness caused by CN- replacement with CO. In the context of hydrogenase mimicry, an implication of this study is that the dithiolate strap, normally present in all synthetic models, can be removed from the Fe2 core without loss of HER, but the redox and acid-base processes underlying turnover switch from a metal-based to a ligand-based chemistry. The versatile nature of the carbyne, once incorporated in the Fe2 scaffold, could be exploited to develop more active and robust catalysts for the HER.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
DFT, Hydrogenase Models, Hw production
English
13852
13864
13
Arrigoni, F., Bertini, L., De Gioia, L., Cingolani, A., Mazzoni, R., Zanotti, V., et al. (2017). Mechanistic Insight into Electrocatalytic H2 Production by [Fe2(CN)μ-CN(Me)2(μ-CO)(CO)(Cp)2]: Effects of Dithiolate Replacement in [FeFe] Hydrogenase Models. INORGANIC CHEMISTRY, 56(22), 13852-13864 [10.1021/acs.inorgchem.7b01954].
Arrigoni, F; Bertini, L; De Gioia, L; Cingolani, A; Mazzoni, R; Zanotti, V; Zampella, G
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/174858
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