Pyroxenite xenoliths in the Salt Lake Crater nephelinites of the Koolau Shield (Oahu, Hawaii) consist of clinopyroxene + spinel +/- olivine +/- garnet +/- orthopyroxene +/- amphibole +/- phlogopite. Two successive generations of fluid inclusions are recognized: - (1) Inclusions containing superdense CO2 (+/- H2O) (d = 1.21 g/cm3) are sometimes apatite-bearing, and occur only in clinopyroxene. Initial melting occurs precisely at the temperature of partial homogenization to liquid from -58.2 to -56.5-degrees-C and final melting in the range -57.9/-50.8-degrees-C. - (2) Secondary high-density (1.18-0.60 g/cm3) monophase CO2-rich inclusions occur in all minerals. Melting temperatures are recorded between -60.0 and -56.6-degrees-C, while homogenization temperatures (L+V --> L) vary between -58.4 and +30.0-degrees-C. The wide interval of melting temperatures in both generations suggests the presence of other species than CO2. However, Raman analyses did not detect any species other than CO2 (i.e. CH4, N2, H2, CO, H2S). The melting point depression is not due to Ar or admixtures with noble gases, as only a few ppm Ar were detected in the fluid. The Ar-40/Ar-36 in the inclusions is 359, similar to vesiculated basalts from Loihi Seamount, Hawaii. Early inclusions were formed during pyroxenite equilibration processes that occurred during isobaric cooling in the mantle; they are most likely related to the crystallization of pyroxenite veins at a depth of almost-equal-to 55 km (17 kb). We suggest that solute-rich CO2 +/- H2O fluids coexisted with a compositionally evolved, volatile-rich residual silicate melt. These fluids migrated into the lherzolites and may have been responsible for the metasomatic enrichment in LREE and Na that is observed in the mantle below Oahu. Late carbonic inclusions were formed during the ascent of nodules from a depth of almost-equal-to 50 km. They resulted from the trapping of the host magma with an immiscible carbonic fluid phase

Frezzotti, M., Burke, E., De Vivo, B., Stefanini, B., Villa, I. (1992). Mantle fluids in pyroxenite nodules from Salt Lake Crater (Oahu, Hawaii). EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF MINERALOGY, 4(5), 1137-1153.

Mantle fluids in pyroxenite nodules from Salt Lake Crater (Oahu, Hawaii)

Frezzotti, M;Villa, Im
1992

Abstract

Pyroxenite xenoliths in the Salt Lake Crater nephelinites of the Koolau Shield (Oahu, Hawaii) consist of clinopyroxene + spinel +/- olivine +/- garnet +/- orthopyroxene +/- amphibole +/- phlogopite. Two successive generations of fluid inclusions are recognized: - (1) Inclusions containing superdense CO2 (+/- H2O) (d = 1.21 g/cm3) are sometimes apatite-bearing, and occur only in clinopyroxene. Initial melting occurs precisely at the temperature of partial homogenization to liquid from -58.2 to -56.5-degrees-C and final melting in the range -57.9/-50.8-degrees-C. - (2) Secondary high-density (1.18-0.60 g/cm3) monophase CO2-rich inclusions occur in all minerals. Melting temperatures are recorded between -60.0 and -56.6-degrees-C, while homogenization temperatures (L+V --> L) vary between -58.4 and +30.0-degrees-C. The wide interval of melting temperatures in both generations suggests the presence of other species than CO2. However, Raman analyses did not detect any species other than CO2 (i.e. CH4, N2, H2, CO, H2S). The melting point depression is not due to Ar or admixtures with noble gases, as only a few ppm Ar were detected in the fluid. The Ar-40/Ar-36 in the inclusions is 359, similar to vesiculated basalts from Loihi Seamount, Hawaii. Early inclusions were formed during pyroxenite equilibration processes that occurred during isobaric cooling in the mantle; they are most likely related to the crystallization of pyroxenite veins at a depth of almost-equal-to 55 km (17 kb). We suggest that solute-rich CO2 +/- H2O fluids coexisted with a compositionally evolved, volatile-rich residual silicate melt. These fluids migrated into the lherzolites and may have been responsible for the metasomatic enrichment in LREE and Na that is observed in the mantle below Oahu. Late carbonic inclusions were formed during the ascent of nodules from a depth of almost-equal-to 50 km. They resulted from the trapping of the host magma with an immiscible carbonic fluid phase
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Petrology, Manlte, Hawaii
English
1137
1153
17
Frezzotti, M., Burke, E., De Vivo, B., Stefanini, B., Villa, I. (1992). Mantle fluids in pyroxenite nodules from Salt Lake Crater (Oahu, Hawaii). EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF MINERALOGY, 4(5), 1137-1153.
Frezzotti, M; Burke, E; De Vivo, B; Stefanini, B; Villa, I
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/174656
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