The transmission electron microscope (TEM) allows a detailed characterization of textural and chemical features of fluid inclusions (shape, inner compositions and inner textures), at a resolution higher than that attainable with an optical microscope (OM). TEM investigation indicates that most fluid inclusions appear as perfectly euhedral negative crystals, with variable shape (from prismatic to equant) and size (typically from <0.02 to 0.15 <mu>m). Inner texture (fluid phase/melt distribution) and composition are variable as well. Different kinds of negative crystals may coexist in the same trail of inclusions, possibly indicating locally variable trapping conditions. A critical feature, revealed by TEM, is that inclusions are often connected to structural defects (in particular, to dislocation arrays), which are undetected by optical microscopy. The identification of these hidden nanostructures should be taken into account for the correct petrological interpretation of microthermometric results, particularly when controversial data have been obtained. In fact, these nanostructures may represent a possible path for fluid phase leakage, thus modifying the original composition and/or density of the inclusions. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

Viti, C., Frezzotti, M. (2001). Transmission electron microscopy applied to fluid inclusion investigations. LITHOS, 55(1-4), 125-138 [10.1016/S0024-4937(00)00042-6].

Transmission electron microscopy applied to fluid inclusion investigations

Frezzotti, M.
2001

Abstract

The transmission electron microscope (TEM) allows a detailed characterization of textural and chemical features of fluid inclusions (shape, inner compositions and inner textures), at a resolution higher than that attainable with an optical microscope (OM). TEM investigation indicates that most fluid inclusions appear as perfectly euhedral negative crystals, with variable shape (from prismatic to equant) and size (typically from <0.02 to 0.15 m). Inner texture (fluid phase/melt distribution) and composition are variable as well. Different kinds of negative crystals may coexist in the same trail of inclusions, possibly indicating locally variable trapping conditions. A critical feature, revealed by TEM, is that inclusions are often connected to structural defects (in particular, to dislocation arrays), which are undetected by optical microscopy. The identification of these hidden nanostructures should be taken into account for the correct petrological interpretation of microthermometric results, particularly when controversial data have been obtained. In fact, these nanostructures may represent a possible path for fluid phase leakage, thus modifying the original composition and/or density of the inclusions. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
TEM; Fluid inclusions; Negative crystals; Dislocations; Leakage; Re-equilibration
English
125
138
14
Viti, C., Frezzotti, M. (2001). Transmission electron microscopy applied to fluid inclusion investigations. LITHOS, 55(1-4), 125-138 [10.1016/S0024-4937(00)00042-6].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/174617
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