The ultrahigh-pressure pyrope whiteschists from the Brossasco-Isasca Unit of the Southern Dora-Maira Massif represent metasomatic rocks originated at the expense of post-Variscan granitoids by the influx of fluids along shear zones. In this study, geochemical, petrological and fluid-inclusion data, correlated with different generations of pyrope-rich garnet (from medium, to very-coarse-grained in size) allow constraints to be placed on the relative timing of metasomatism and sources of the metasomatic fluid. Geochemical investigations reveal that whiteschists are strongly enriched in Mg and depleted in Na, K, Ca and LILE (Cs, Pb, Rb, Sr, Ba) with respect to the metagranite. Three generations of pyrope, with different composition and mineral inclusions, have been distinguished: (i) the prograde Prp I, which constitutes the large core of megablasts and the small core of porphyroblasts; (ii) the peak Prp II, which constitutes the inner rim of megablasts and porphyroblasts and the core of small neoblasts; and (iii) the early retrograde Prp III, which locally constitutes an outer rim. Two generations of fluid inclusions have been recognized: (i) primary fluid inclusions in prograde kyanite that represent a NaCl-MgCl(2)-rich brine (6-28 wt% NaCl(eq) with Si and Al as other dissolved cations) trapped during growth of Prp I (type-I fluid); (ii) primary multiphase-solid inclusions in Prp II that are remnants of an alumino-silicate aqueous solution, containing Mg, Fe, alkalies, Ca and subordinate P, Cl, S, CO(3)2-, LILE (Pb, Cs, Sr, Rb, K, LREE, Ba), U and Th (type-II fluid), at the peak pressure stage. We propose a model that illustrates the prograde metasomatic and metamorphic evolution of the whiteschists and that could also explain the genesis of other Mg-rich, alkali-poor schists of the Alps. During Alpine metamorphism, the post-Variscan metagranite of the Brossasco-Isasca Unit experienced a prograde metamorphism at HP conditions (stage A: similar to 1.6 GPa and < 600 degrees C), as indicated by the growth of an almandine-rich garnet in some xenoliths. At stage B (1.7-2.1 GPa and 560-590 degrees C), the influx of external fluids, originated from antigorite breakdown in subducting oceanic serpentinites, promoted the increase in Mg and the decrease of alkalies and Ca in the orthogneiss toward a whiteschist composition. During stage C (2.1 < P < 2.8 GPa and 590 < T < 650 degrees C), the metasomatic fluid influx coupled with internal dehydration reactions involving Mg-chlorite promoted the growth of Prp I in the presence of the type-I MgCl(2)-brine. At the metamorphic peak (stage D: 4.0-4.3 GPa and 730 degrees C), Prp II growth occurred in the presence of a type-II alumino-silicate aqueous solution, mostly generated by internal dehydration reactions involving phlogopite and talc. The contribution of metasomatic external brines at the metamorphic climax appears negligible. This fluid, showing enrichment in LILE and depletion in HFSE, could represent a metasomatic agent for the supra-subduction mantle wedge.
Ferrando, S., Frezzotti, M., Petrelli, M., & Compagnoni, R. (2009). Metasomatism of continental crust during subduction: the UHP whiteschists from the Southern Dora-Maira Massif (Italian Western Alps). JOURNAL OF METAMORPHIC GEOLOGY, 27(9), 739-756.
|Citazione:||Ferrando, S., Frezzotti, M., Petrelli, M., & Compagnoni, R. (2009). Metasomatism of continental crust during subduction: the UHP whiteschists from the Southern Dora-Maira Massif (Italian Western Alps). JOURNAL OF METAMORPHIC GEOLOGY, 27(9), 739-756.|
|Tipo:||Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico|
|Carattere della pubblicazione:||Scientifica|
|Presenza di un coautore afferente ad Istituzioni straniere:||No|
|Titolo:||Metasomatism of continental crust during subduction: the UHP whiteschists from the Southern Dora-Maira Massif (Italian Western Alps)|
|Autori:||Ferrando, S; Frezzotti, M; Petrelli, M; Compagnoni, R|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2009|
|Rivista:||JOURNAL OF METAMORPHIC GEOLOGY|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1525-1314.2009.00837.x|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|