Acute Exacerbation (AEx) is a frequent and severe complication of Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF). In the absence of consensus regarding treatment, studies evaluating the efficacy of specific therapies, such as corticosteroids and immunosuppresant agents, are needed. In this case series we evaluated the outcome in terms of survival of intravenous pulse doses of high-dose corticosteroid (methylprednisolone 1000 mg per day for 3 consecutive days) followed by montlhy cyclophosphamide administration (maximum 6 doses) in a cohort of patients with AEx-IPF referred to the Respiratory Unit, San Gerardo University Hospital, Monza, Italy, from 2009 to 2013. A total of 11 patients (7 males, median age 65 years) were enrolled. A median of five monthly pulse doses of cyclophosphamide were administered, with four patients receiving all 6 doses. Four patients died before completion. Three patients developed adverse events. Overall survival at 3 months was 73%, at 6 months 63%, at 12 months 55%, at 18 months 45% and at 2 years 27%. In-hospital mortality was 9%. Causes of death were: six respiratory failures from disease progression, one lung cancer and one breast cancer. Two patients received lung transplantation and were excluded from the Kaplan-Meier analysis. In conclusion, combined intravenous pulse doses of high-dose corticosteroid and cyclophosphamide could be a reasonable add-on therapy for AEx-IPF, considering the few side effects and safe profile. A complete and rapid diagnostic work-up associated to the proper management (e.g. support of respiratory failure with non-invasive ventilation) in the right setting, may also have a positive effect on patients' outcome.

Novelli, L., Ruggiero, R., DE GIACOMI, F., Biffi, A., Faverio, P., Bilucaglia, L., et al. (2016). Corticosteroid and cyclophosphamide in acute exacerbation of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis: A single center experience and literature review. SARCOIDOSIS VASCULITIS AND DIFFUSE LUNG DISEASES, 33(4), 385-391.

Corticosteroid and cyclophosphamide in acute exacerbation of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis: A single center experience and literature review

NOVELLI, LUCA
Primo
;
RUGGIERO, ROBERTO
Secondo
;
DE GIACOMI, FEDERICA;BIFFI, ALICE;FAVERIO, PAOLA
;
BILUCAGLIA, LUCA CLAUDIO;GAMBERINI, SILVIA;MESSINESI, GRAZIA
Penultimo
;
PESCI, ALBERTO
Ultimo
2016

Abstract

Acute Exacerbation (AEx) is a frequent and severe complication of Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF). In the absence of consensus regarding treatment, studies evaluating the efficacy of specific therapies, such as corticosteroids and immunosuppresant agents, are needed. In this case series we evaluated the outcome in terms of survival of intravenous pulse doses of high-dose corticosteroid (methylprednisolone 1000 mg per day for 3 consecutive days) followed by montlhy cyclophosphamide administration (maximum 6 doses) in a cohort of patients with AEx-IPF referred to the Respiratory Unit, San Gerardo University Hospital, Monza, Italy, from 2009 to 2013. A total of 11 patients (7 males, median age 65 years) were enrolled. A median of five monthly pulse doses of cyclophosphamide were administered, with four patients receiving all 6 doses. Four patients died before completion. Three patients developed adverse events. Overall survival at 3 months was 73%, at 6 months 63%, at 12 months 55%, at 18 months 45% and at 2 years 27%. In-hospital mortality was 9%. Causes of death were: six respiratory failures from disease progression, one lung cancer and one breast cancer. Two patients received lung transplantation and were excluded from the Kaplan-Meier analysis. In conclusion, combined intravenous pulse doses of high-dose corticosteroid and cyclophosphamide could be a reasonable add-on therapy for AEx-IPF, considering the few side effects and safe profile. A complete and rapid diagnostic work-up associated to the proper management (e.g. support of respiratory failure with non-invasive ventilation) in the right setting, may also have a positive effect on patients' outcome.
No
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Scientifica
Acute Exacerbation Of Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis; Corticosteroids; Cyclophosphamide;
Acute exacerbation of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis; Corticosteroids; Cyclophosphamide; Administration, Intravenous; Adrenal Cortex Hormones; Aged; Cause of Death; Cyclophosphamide; Disease Progression; Drug Administration Schedule; Drug Therapy, Combination; Female; Hospital Mortality; Humans; Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis; Immunosuppressive Agents; Italy; Kaplan-Meier Estimate; Male; Methylprednisolone; Middle Aged; Pulse Therapy, Drug; Retrospective Studies; Risk Factors; Time Factors; Treatment Outcome
English
385
391
7
Novelli, L., Ruggiero, R., DE GIACOMI, F., Biffi, A., Faverio, P., Bilucaglia, L., et al. (2016). Corticosteroid and cyclophosphamide in acute exacerbation of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis: A single center experience and literature review. SARCOIDOSIS VASCULITIS AND DIFFUSE LUNG DISEASES, 33(4), 385-391.
Novelli, L; Ruggiero, R; DE GIACOMI, F; Biffi, A; Faverio, P; Bilucaglia, L; Gamberini, S; Messinesi, G; Pesci, A
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/173466
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