Total suspended solids (TSS) play a fundamental role in inland waters as different materials including contaminants and pollutants can aggregate to these solids and brought in suspension. This can alter the state of the aquatic ecosystem and the use of freshwater resources. For instance, excessive suspended sediment might condition primary productivity and can hinder water use in agriculture. Suspended solids are one of the most successful parameters that can be measured by means of remote sensing due to the effect of TSS on backscattering and water leaving radiance. Consequently, a variety of applications have been developed since the eighties; they have generally been build on empirical or semi-empirical methods which use reflectance at appropriate wavebands as correlates, or semi-analytical and quasi-analytical approaches such as the spectral inversion procedures which relies on the matching of spectral data to bio-optical forward models. Forward bio-optical modeling is used to show the response of water leaving reflectance depending on inherent optical properties of particles and TSS concentrations. Then, remotely sensed data acquired by different optical sensors are presented to show the performance of state-of-art algorithms for mapping TSS and turbidity in different aquatic systems located in Northern Italy, which include deep clear lakes, a system of fluvial lakes characterized by highly productive waters and a segment of the longest Italian river prior reaching the delta. Overall, the conclusions presented in this chapter encourage the use of remote sensing technology to improve inland water management, although new research efforts remain open to adapt bio-optical modeling to TSS to the variety of sensors used in inland water applications.
Giardino, C., Bresciani, M., Braga, F., Cazzaniga, I., De Keukelaere, L., Knaeps, E., et al. (2017). Bio-optical Modeling of Total Suspended Solids. In D.R. Mishra, Ogashawara I, & A.A. Gitelson (a cura di), Bio-optical Modeling and Remote Sensing of Inland Waters (pp. 129-156). Elsevier Inc..
|Citazione:||Giardino, C., Bresciani, M., Braga, F., Cazzaniga, I., De Keukelaere, L., Knaeps, E., et al. (2017). Bio-optical Modeling of Total Suspended Solids. In D.R. Mishra, Ogashawara I, & A.A. Gitelson (a cura di), Bio-optical Modeling and Remote Sensing of Inland Waters (pp. 129-156). Elsevier Inc..|
|Titolo:||Bio-optical Modeling of Total Suspended Solids|
|Autori:||Giardino, C; Bresciani, M; Braga, F; Cazzaniga, I; De Keukelaere, L; Knaeps, E; Brando, V|
|Presenza di un coautore afferente ad Istituzioni straniere:||Si|
|Tipo:||Capitolo o saggio|
|Carattere della pubblicazione:||Scientifica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Titolo del libro:||Bio-optical Modeling and Remote Sensing of Inland Waters|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||03 - Contributo in libro|