This study explored the process of arterial baroreflex adaptation to microgravity, starting from the first day of flight, during the 16-day STS-107 Columbia Space Shuttle mission. Continuous blood pressure (BP), ECG, and respiratory frequency were collected in four astronauts on ground (baseline) and during flight at days 0-1, 6-7, and 12-13, both at rest and during moderate exercise (75 W) on a cycle ergometer. Sensitivity of the baroreflex heart rate control (BRS) was assessed by sequence and spectral alpha methods. Baroreflex effectiveness index (BEI); low-frequency (LF) power and high-frequency (HF) power of systolic BP (SBP), diastolic BP (DBP), and R-R interval (RRI); the RRI LF/HF ratio; and the RRI root mean square of successive differences (RMSSD) index were also estimated. We found that, at rest, BRS increased in early flight phase, compared with baseline (means ± SE: 18.3 ± 3.4 vs. 10.4 ± 1.2 ms/mmHg; P < 0.05), and it tended to return to baseline in subsequent days. During exercise, BRS was lower than at rest, without differences between preflight and in-flight values. At rest, in the early flight phase, RMSSD and RRI HF power increased (P < 0.05) compared with baseline, whereas LF powers of SBP and DBP decreased. No statistical difference was found in these parameters during exercise before vs. during flight. These findings demonstrate that heart rate baroreflex sensitivity and markers of cardiac vagal modulation are enhanced during early exposure to microgravity, likely because of the blood centralization, and return to baseline values in subsequent flight phases, possibly because of the fluid loss. No deconditioning seems to occur in the baroreflex control of the heart. Copyright © 2008 the American Physiological Society.
Di Rienzo, M., Castiglioni, P., Iellamo, F., Volterrani, M., Pagani, M., Mancia, G., et al. (2008). Dynamic adaptation of cardiac baroreflex sensitivity to prolonged exposure to microgravity: data from 16-day spaceflight. JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY, 105, 1569-1575 [10.1152/japplphysiol.90625.2008].
|Citazione:||Di Rienzo, M., Castiglioni, P., Iellamo, F., Volterrani, M., Pagani, M., Mancia, G., et al. (2008). Dynamic adaptation of cardiac baroreflex sensitivity to prolonged exposure to microgravity: data from 16-day spaceflight. JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY, 105, 1569-1575 [10.1152/japplphysiol.90625.2008].|
|Tipo:||Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico|
|Carattere della pubblicazione:||Scientifica|
|Titolo:||Dynamic adaptation of cardiac baroreflex sensitivity to prolonged exposure to microgravity: data from 16-day spaceflight|
|Autori:||Di Rienzo, M; Castiglioni, P; Iellamo, F; Volterrani, M; Pagani, M; Mancia, G; Karemaker, JM; Parati, G|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2008|
|Rivista:||JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/japplphysiol.90625.2008|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|