Adipokines are known to play a fundamental role in the etiology of obesity, that is, in the impaired balance between increased feeding and decreased energy expenditure. While the adipokine-induced changes of insulin resistance in obese diabetic and nondiabetic subjects are well known, the possible role of fat source in modulating insulin sensitivity (IS) remains controversial. The aim of our study was to explore in overweight type 2 diabetic patients (T2DM) with metabolic syndrome IS in different energy storage conditions (basal and dynamic) for relating it to leptin and adiponectin. Sixteen T2DM (5/11 F/M; 59 ± 2 years; 29.5 ± 1.1 kg/m2) and 16 control (CNT 5/11; 54 ± 2; 29.1 ± 1.0) underwent an oral glucose tolerance test. Fasting IS was measured by QUICKI, while the dynamic one with OGIS. The insulinogenic index (IGI) described beta cell function. Also, the lipid accumulation product parameter (LAP) was assessed. LAP accounts for visceral abdominal fat and triglycerides, and it is known to be related to IS. Possible interrelationships between LAP and adipokines were explored. In T2DM and CNT, adiponectin (7.4 ± 0.5 vs. 7.8 ± 0.9 μg/mL), leptin (13.3 ± 3.0 vs. 12.4 ± 2.6 ng/mL), and QUICKI (0.33 ± 0.01 vs. 0.33 ± 0.01) were not different (P > 0.40), at variance with OGIS (317 ± 11 vs. 406 ± 13 mL/min/m2; P = 0.006) and IGI (0.029 ± 0.005 vs. 0.185 ± 0.029 × 103 pmolI/mmolG; P = 0.00001). LAP was 85 ± 15 cm × mg/dL in T2DM and 74 ± 10 in CNT (P > 0.1), correlated with OGIS in all subjects (R = -0.42, P = 0.02) and QUICKI (R = -0.56, P = 0.025) in T2DM. Leptin correlated with QUICKI (R = -0.45, P = 0.009), and adiponectin correlated with OGIS (R = 0.43, P = 0.015). In overweight T2DM, insulin sensitivity in basal condition appears to be multifaceted with respect to the dynamic one, because it should be more fat-related. Insulin sensitivity appears to be incompletely described by functions of fasting glucose and insulin values alone and the use of other indices, such as LAP could be suggested. © 2011 Springer-Verlag

Sambataro, M., Perseghin, G., Lattuada, G., Beltramello, G., Luzi, L., Pacini, G. (2013). Lipid accumulation in overweight type 2 diabetic subjects: Relationships with insulin sensitivity and adipokines. ACTA DIABETOLOGICA, 50(3), 301-307 [10.1007/s00592-011-0366-x].

Lipid accumulation in overweight type 2 diabetic subjects: Relationships with insulin sensitivity and adipokines

PERSEGHIN, GIANLUCA
Secondo
;
2013

Abstract

Adipokines are known to play a fundamental role in the etiology of obesity, that is, in the impaired balance between increased feeding and decreased energy expenditure. While the adipokine-induced changes of insulin resistance in obese diabetic and nondiabetic subjects are well known, the possible role of fat source in modulating insulin sensitivity (IS) remains controversial. The aim of our study was to explore in overweight type 2 diabetic patients (T2DM) with metabolic syndrome IS in different energy storage conditions (basal and dynamic) for relating it to leptin and adiponectin. Sixteen T2DM (5/11 F/M; 59 ± 2 years; 29.5 ± 1.1 kg/m2) and 16 control (CNT 5/11; 54 ± 2; 29.1 ± 1.0) underwent an oral glucose tolerance test. Fasting IS was measured by QUICKI, while the dynamic one with OGIS. The insulinogenic index (IGI) described beta cell function. Also, the lipid accumulation product parameter (LAP) was assessed. LAP accounts for visceral abdominal fat and triglycerides, and it is known to be related to IS. Possible interrelationships between LAP and adipokines were explored. In T2DM and CNT, adiponectin (7.4 ± 0.5 vs. 7.8 ± 0.9 μg/mL), leptin (13.3 ± 3.0 vs. 12.4 ± 2.6 ng/mL), and QUICKI (0.33 ± 0.01 vs. 0.33 ± 0.01) were not different (P > 0.40), at variance with OGIS (317 ± 11 vs. 406 ± 13 mL/min/m2; P = 0.006) and IGI (0.029 ± 0.005 vs. 0.185 ± 0.029 × 103 pmolI/mmolG; P = 0.00001). LAP was 85 ± 15 cm × mg/dL in T2DM and 74 ± 10 in CNT (P > 0.1), correlated with OGIS in all subjects (R = -0.42, P = 0.02) and QUICKI (R = -0.56, P = 0.025) in T2DM. Leptin correlated with QUICKI (R = -0.45, P = 0.009), and adiponectin correlated with OGIS (R = 0.43, P = 0.015). In overweight T2DM, insulin sensitivity in basal condition appears to be multifaceted with respect to the dynamic one, because it should be more fat-related. Insulin sensitivity appears to be incompletely described by functions of fasting glucose and insulin values alone and the use of other indices, such as LAP could be suggested. © 2011 Springer-Verlag
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Adiponectin; Beta cell function; Insulin resistance; Leptin; Lipotoxicity; Adiponectin; Blood Glucose; Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2; Female; Humans; Insulin Resistance; Insulin-Secreting Cells; Intra-Abdominal Fat; Leptin; Lipids; Male; Metabolic Syndrome X; Middle Aged; Obesity; Overweight; Endocrinology; Internal Medicine; Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
English
301
307
7
Sambataro, M., Perseghin, G., Lattuada, G., Beltramello, G., Luzi, L., Pacini, G. (2013). Lipid accumulation in overweight type 2 diabetic subjects: Relationships with insulin sensitivity and adipokines. ACTA DIABETOLOGICA, 50(3), 301-307 [10.1007/s00592-011-0366-x].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/164133
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