Most CNS synapses investigated thus far contain a large number of vesicles docked at the active zone, possibly forming individual release sites. At the present time, it is unclear whether these vesicles can be discharged independently of one another. To investigate this problem, we recorded miniature excitatory currents by whole-cell and single-synapse recordings from CA3-CA1 hippocampal neurons and analyzed their stochastic properties. In addition, spontaneous release was investigated by ultrastructural analysis of quickly frozen synapses, revealing vesicle intermediates in docking and spontaneous fusion states. In these experiments, no signs of inhibitory interactions between quanta could be detected up to 1 msec from the previous discharge. This suggests that exocytosis at one site does not per se inhibit vesicular fusion at neighboring sites. At longer intervals, the output of quanta diverged from a random memoryless Poisson process because of the presence of a bursting component. The latter, which could not be accounted for by random coincidences, was independent of Ca2+ elevations in the cytosol, whether from Ca2+ flux through the plasma membrane or release from internal stores. Results of these experiments, together with the observation of spontaneous pairs of omega profiles at the active zone, suggest that multimodal release is produced by an enduring activation of an integrated cluster of release sites.

Abenavoli, A., Forti, L., Bossi, M., Bergamaschi, A., Villa, A., Malgaroli, A. (2002). Multimodal quantal release at individual hippocampal synapses: Evidence for no lateral inhibition. THE JOURNAL OF NEUROSCIENCE, 22(15), 6336-6346.

Multimodal quantal release at individual hippocampal synapses: Evidence for no lateral inhibition

BOSSI, MARIO;VILLA, ANTONELLO;
2002

Abstract

Most CNS synapses investigated thus far contain a large number of vesicles docked at the active zone, possibly forming individual release sites. At the present time, it is unclear whether these vesicles can be discharged independently of one another. To investigate this problem, we recorded miniature excitatory currents by whole-cell and single-synapse recordings from CA3-CA1 hippocampal neurons and analyzed their stochastic properties. In addition, spontaneous release was investigated by ultrastructural analysis of quickly frozen synapses, revealing vesicle intermediates in docking and spontaneous fusion states. In these experiments, no signs of inhibitory interactions between quanta could be detected up to 1 msec from the previous discharge. This suggests that exocytosis at one site does not per se inhibit vesicular fusion at neighboring sites. At longer intervals, the output of quanta diverged from a random memoryless Poisson process because of the presence of a bursting component. The latter, which could not be accounted for by random coincidences, was independent of Ca2+ elevations in the cytosol, whether from Ca2+ flux through the plasma membrane or release from internal stores. Results of these experiments, together with the observation of spontaneous pairs of omega profiles at the active zone, suggest that multimodal release is produced by an enduring activation of an integrated cluster of release sites.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
central synapses; exocytosis; miniature excitatory currents; stochastic properties; multivesicular release; hippocampus
English
6336
6346
Abenavoli, A., Forti, L., Bossi, M., Bergamaschi, A., Villa, A., Malgaroli, A. (2002). Multimodal quantal release at individual hippocampal synapses: Evidence for no lateral inhibition. THE JOURNAL OF NEUROSCIENCE, 22(15), 6336-6346.
Abenavoli, A; Forti, L; Bossi, M; Bergamaschi, A; Villa, A; Malgaroli, A
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/16360
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